Table 3

Odds ratiosa(OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the association of probable PTSD (IES-score ≥ 35) with characteristics of the respondent/injury
1-year follow-up 2-year follow-up
Characteristics OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI p
Sociodemographic
 Female sex 2.36 1.06-5.25 <0.05 3.42 0.99-11.75 0.051
 Ageb 2.36 1.06-5.25 0.035 0.98 0.94-1.02 0.242
 Primary education 1.38 0.47-3.99 0.558 0.91 0.10-8.36 0.935
 HHC: Single 0.88 0.38-2.03 0.756 1.36 0.36-5.17 0.648
Physical
 Co-morbidity 4.61 2.02-10.55 <0.01 1.20 0.30-4.89 0.797
Injury related
 ISSb 0.82 0.28-2.36 0.707 0.46 0.06-3.50 0.449
 Injury localization
  Head ≥3 1.02 0.33-3.16 0.969 0.12 0.02-.66 <0.05
  Chest ≥3 2.16 0.77-6.09 0.146 1.41 0.22-9.13 0.722
  Abdomen ≥3 2.33 0.71-7.66 0.162 2.86 0.44-18.59 0.271
  Extremities ≥3 1.68 0.66-4.30 0.276 0.18 0.03-.99 <0.05
 Glasgow Coma Scaleb 0.99 0.90-1.10 0.865 0.94 0.81-1.10 0.444
Pre-hospital trauma carec
 EMS 1.29 0.54-3.06 0.566 0.96 0.27-3.49 0.953

HHC = Household composition, EMS = Emergency Medical Services.

aAdjusted for all included predictors in model using multivariate logistic regression analysis.

bContinuous variable.

cThe presence versus absence of pre-hospital trauma care at the scene of the accident via assistance of physician staffed helicopter or other EMS teams.

Haagsma et al.

Haagsma et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:236   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-236

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