Table 2

Characteristics, stratified by presence of probable PTSDa(IES-score ≥35)
Characteristics 1-year follow-up 2-year follow-up
Probable PTSD Probable PTSD
46 (23.2%) 20 (19.8%)
Sociodemographic
 Gender
  Male 19.7% 15.5%
  Female 30.3% 30.0%
 Age
  <50 25.5% 19.0%
  ≥50 17.0% 21.1%
 Education
  Primary 27.6% 22.2%
  Higher 21.9% 20.0%
 Household composition
  Alone 25.9% 21.4%
  Not alone 22.6% 20.0%
Physical
 Comorbidity
  No comorbidity 14.0%** 19.1%
  Comorbid disease(s) 37.7% 21.2%
Injury-related
ISS
  <25 22.0% 19.0%
  ≥25 25.0% 20.9%
Injury localization/AISb
 Head
  <3 31.5% 34.6%*
  ≥3 20.1% 14.7%
 Chest
  <3 20.3% 18.5%
  ≥3 27.5% 21.3%
 Abdomen
  <3 21.4% 17.8%
  ≥3 36.0% 36.4%
 Extremities
  <3 19.7%* 19.7%
  ≥3 34.8% 20.0%
 Glasgow Coma Scale
  3-8 20.4% 14.3%
  9-15 24.3% 22.7%
Pre-hosp trauma care
  No EMS 26.3% 23.1%
  EMS 21.3% 17.7%

EMS = Emergency Medical Services.

*p < 0.05; **p < 0.01.

aan IES-score ≥35 signifies symptoms of posttraumatic stress indicative of PTSD.

bInjury localization/AIS: patients are dichotomized into two categories: with an AIS below 3 or 3 or higher of a specific injury localization.

Haagsma et al.

Haagsma et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:236   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-236

Open Data