Table 5

Association between depressive symptom severity and ED visit frequency: multivariable analysis results
Variable Baseline (n=121) 24-Week (n=96) 24-Week (n=96)
B (SE) B (SE) B (SE)
Intercept -0.63 (0.60) -1.16 (0.82)* -1.79 (0.87)*
Gender
Female 0.12 (0.23) 1.73 (0.48)*** 1.74 (0.48)***
(Male)
Age
50-59 0.83 (0.25)* 1.40 (0.51)** 1.37 (0.51)**
60-69 0.56 (0.25)* 0.76 (0.44)† 0.74 (0.44)†
(70+)
Race/ethnicity
Black 0.31 (0.25) 0.81 (0.52) 0.81 (0.51)
Hispanic 0.58 (0.25)* 0.23 (0.45) 0.22 (0.45)
(Non-Hispanic White)
Medicaid coverage
Yes 0.18 (0.19) 0.29 (0.29) 0.27 (0.29)
(No)
Family support -0.03 (0.02)† -0.03 (0.02) -0.03 (0.02)
No. of medical conditions -0.04 (0.06) -0.11 (0.09) -0.11 (0.09)
Pain frequency -0.04 (0.03) -0.14 (0.05)** -0.14 (0.05)**
Baseline HAMD score 0.05 (0.01)*** 0.08 (0.03)**
24-week follow-up HAMD 0.07 (0.02)**
HAMD score changes—
baseline to 24 weeks1 0.07(0.02)**
-2 Likelihood ratio χ2 23.49 22.89 24.00
df 13 13 14
Model p value 0.036 0.043 0.046

1Higher scores indicate worse symptoms since baseline.

**p < 0.01; *p < 0.05’; †p = 0.051.

Choi et al.

Choi et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:233   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-233

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