Table 2

Outcome instruments most frequently used to assess PSDsa
Name of instrument Papers in which an instrument was used n (%)
Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) [20] 36 (34.6)
Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) [21] 15 (14.4)
Quality of Life Scale (QLS) [22] 7 (6.7)
Trail Making Test (TMT) [23] 7 (6.7)
Continuous Performance Test (CPT) [24] 6 (5.8)
Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) [25] 6 (5.8)
Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) [26] 6 (5.8)
Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) [27] 6 (5.8)
Stroop Color and Word Test (SCWT) [28] 6 (5.8)
Subjective Well-Being Under Neuroleptic Treatment (SWN-K) [29] 6 (5.8)
World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS or WHODAS II) [30] 6 (5.8)
Clinical Global Impression-Schizophrenia scale (CGI-SCH) [31] 5 (4.8)
Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Scale (MADRS) [32] 5 (4.8)
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-R) [33] 5 (4.8)
Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS-R) [34] 5 (4.8)
Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) [35] 5 (4.8)

a Only instruments which were used in at least 5 studies were included.

Instruments were only taken into account if they were used for assessing dependent variables.

Świtaj et al.

Świtaj et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:193   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-193

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