Table 1

Definition and duration of minor and subsyndromal depressive disorders
Name Threshold Symptom set Duration
Minor depression (Al-Windi, [10]) Total number of symptoms not exceeding 4 DSM-IV 2 weeks
Minor depression (Vuorilehto et al., [11]) Two to four depressive symptoms (at least one core symptom) DSM-IV 2 weeks
Subsyndromal depression (Vuorilehto et al., [11]) Two to four current depression symptoms (at least one core symptom) and fulfilling the criteria of lifetime MDD DSM-IV 2 weeks
Subthreshold depression (Rucci et al., [12]) Any of the three symptoms (criterion B) plus three or more symptoms (criterion C) ICD-10 depressive episode None
Minor depression (Dubini et al., 2001 [13]) Two to four depressive symptoms (at least one core symptom) DSM-IV 2 weeks
Subsyndromal symptomatic depression (Forsell, [8]) Two or more symptoms of depression present most or all the time and social impairment due to them DSM-III major depressive disorder 2 weeks
Nonspecific depressive symptoms (Backenstrass et al., [14]) Two or more symptoms of depression present more than half the days, must not meet the A criterion (depressed mood or anhedonia) but the C criterion (impairment) has to be answered DSM-IV major depressive disorder 2 weeks
Subsyndromal depression (da Silva Lima et al., [15]) Not fulfilling the CIDI criteria for major depression CIDI major depression None
Subthreshold depresión (Fergusson et al., [16]) Depressed mood or loss of interest but having less than five more symptoms or not reporting significant impairment DSM-IV major depressive disorder 2 weeks
Subsyndromal depresión (Goldney et al., [9]) Two or more depressive symptoms present for all or most of the time but not meeting the criteria for major depression, minor depression or dysthymia DSM-III-R major depressive disorder 2 weeks
Subsyndromal depression (Ayuso-Mateos et al., [17]) Between one and four depressive symptoms during most of the day and not meeting the criteria for depressive episode or brief episode ICD-10 2 weeks
Minor depression (Lamers et al., [18]) Two to four depressive symptoms (at least one core symptom) DSM-IV 2 weeks
Subthreshold depression (Regeer et al., [19]) Not fulfilling the CIDI criteria for Major Depression DSM-III-R/IV Major Depressive Disorder 2 weeks
Minor depression (Cuijpers et al., [20]) One of the key symtoms plus at least one other symptom but the total number do not exceed 4. DSM-III-R 2 weeks
Minor depression (De Graaf et al., [4]) 2 to 4 symptoms including one key symptom DSM-IV 2 weeks
Minor depression (Fils et al., [21]) Having reported dysphoric mood or anhedonia with significant life interference and at least 2 but no more than 4 depressive symptoms DSM-IV 2 weeks
Minor depression (Jackson et al., 2007 [22]) Two to four depressive symptoms (at least one core symptom) DSM-IV 2 weeks
Minor depressive disorder (Tamburrino et al., 2009 [23]) At least 2 (but less than 5) of the symptoms in Criterion A for a major depressive episode. At least one key symptom. DSM-IV-TR 2 weeks
Subclinical depression (Gómez- Restrepo et al., [24]) Less symptoms and less severity than depression ICD-10 -
Subthreshold depression (Baumeister and Morar, [25]) MD criteria fulfilled except for the clinical significance criteria DSM-IV 2 weeks

Rodríguez et al.

Rodríguez et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:181   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-181

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