Table 3

Job content and effort-reward imbalance of participants and univariate analysis of factors related to anxiety symptoms (N = 1437)
Variable Number of participants in different categories No. (%) Number of participants with anxiety symptoms No. (%) P value
Job content
Skill discretion 0.100
 High 398(27.7) 159 (39.9)
 Low 1039(72.3) 465 (44.8)
Decision authority 0.002
 High 657(45.7) 256 (39.0)
 Low 780(54.3) 368 (47.2)
Decision latitude <0.001
 High 653(45.4) 246(37.7)
 Low 784(54.6) 378(48.2)
Psychological job demands 0.076
 High 710(49.4) 325(45.8)
 Low 727(50.6) 299(41.1)
Supervisor support 0.008
 High 312(21.7) 115(36.9)
 Low 1125(78.3) 509(45.2)
Coworker support 0.003
 High 318(22.1) 115(36.2)
 Low 1119(77.9) 509(45.5)
Social support <0.001
 High 393(27.3) 136(34.6)
 Low 1044(72.7) 488(46.7)
Effort-reward balance at work
Effort/reward ratio 0.006
 ≤1 1059(73.7) 437(41.3)
 >1 378(26.3) 187(49.5)
Overcommitment <0.001
 High 704(49.0) 371(52.7)
 Low 733(51.0) 253(34.5)

Gao et al.

Gao et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:141   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-141

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