Table 3

Mean difference of reported frequency of 17 somatic symptoms compared between individuals reporting chronic whiplash and individuals not reporting chronic whiplash and individuals reporting a past fractured hand or wrist and no past fractured hand or wrist, unadjusted, adjusted for gender and fully adjusted
Chronic whiplash compared to no chronic whiplash Fractured wrist compared to no fractured hand/wrist
Somatic symptoms Unadjusted B (CI) Adjusted for gender B (CI) Fully adjusted* B (CI) Unadjusted B (CI) Adjusted for gender B (CI) Fully adjusted* B (CI)
Headache (H) 0.50 (0.40-0.60) 0.48 (0.38-0.57) 0.40 (0.31-0.49) −0.01 (−0.06-0.04) 0.05 (0.01-0.10) 0.04 (−0.00-0.09)
Dizziness (D) 0.49 (0.39-0.59) 0.47 (0.38-0.57) 0.36 (0.26-0.45) −0.01 (−0.06-0.04) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09) 0.01 (−0.04-0.06)
Joint/muscle pain (JMP) 0.45 (0.35-0.55) 0.44 (0.34-0.53) 0.32 (0.23-0.42) 0.07 (0.02-0.12) 0.11 (0.06-0.16) 0.08 (0.03-0.13)
Abdominal pain (AP) 0.34 (0.24-0.44) 0.33 (0.23-0.43) 0.24 (0.14-0.33) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09) 0.08 (0.03-0.13) 0.05 (0.00-0.10)
Nausea (N) 0.41 (0.31-0.51) 0.39 (0.30-0.49) 0.30 (0.20-0.39) 0.00 (−0.05-0.05) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09) 0.02 (−0.03-0.06)
Bloating (B) 0.29 (0.19-0.39) 0.27 (0.18-0.37) 0.19 (0.10-0.29) 0.02 (−0.03-0.07) 0.08 (0.03-0.13) 0.06 (0.01-0.11)
Tongue plaque (TP) 0.19 (0.09-0.28) 0.18 (0.08-0.28) 0.10 (0.00-0.20) 0.05 (−0.00-0.10) 0.07 (0.01-0.12) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09)
Regurgitation (R) 0.24 (0.14-0.34) 0.24 (0.14-0.34) 0.17 (0.08-0.27) 0.07 (0.02-0.12) 0.06 (0.01-0.11) 0.04 (0.01-0.09)
Frequent defecation (FD) 0.25 (0.16-0.35) 0.26 (0.16-0.36) 0.18 (0.08-0.27) 0.10 (0.05-0.15) 0.07 (0.02-0.12) 0.05 (−0.00-0.10)
Discomfort in genital region (DGR) 0.14 (0.04-0.24) 0.13 (0.03-0.23) 0.07 (−0.03-0.17) −0.02 (−0.07-0.03) 0.02 (−0.03-0.07) 0.01 (−0.04-0.06)
Skin discoloring (SD) 0.17 (0.07-0.27) 0.17 (0.07-0.27) 0.11 (0.01-0.21) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09) 0.02 (−0.03-0.07)
Tiredness (T) 0.43 (0.33-0.52) 0.41 (0.31-0.51) 0.25 (0.16-0.33) 0.01 (−0.04-0.06) 0.05 (0.01-0.10) 0.01 (−0.03-0.06)
Paresthesia in extremities (PE) 0.41 (0.31-0.51) 0.40 (0.30-0.50) 0.30 (0.20-0.39) 0.04 (−0.01-0.09) 0.06 (0.01-0.11) 0.03 (−0.02-0.08)
Burning eyes (BE) 0.20 (0.10-0.30) 0.19 (0.09-0.29) 0.12 (0.02-0.22) 0.05 (0.00-0.10) 0.08 (0.03-0.13) 0.07 (0.02-0.11)
Shortness of breath (SB) 0.36 (0.26-0.46) 0.36 (0.26-0.46) 0.25 (0.15-0.34) 0.07 (0.02-0.12) 0.08 (0.03-0.13) 0.05 (0.00-0.09)
Chest pain (CP) 0.35 (0.25-0.45) 0.35 (0.26-0.45) 0.26 (0.17-0.36) 0.12 (0.07-0.17) 0.11 (0.06-0.16) 0.08 (0.03-0.13)
Urination problems (UP) 0.12 (0.02-0.22) 0.11 (0.01-0.21) 0.06 (−0.04-0.16) 0.03 (−0.02-0.08) 0.06 (0.01-011) 0.05 (0.00-0.10)

*Adjusted for gender, anxiety, depression, education, benefit receipt, physical activity, marital status, consumption of alcohol, daily smoking and somatic diagnosis.

Myrtveit et al.

Myrtveit et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:129   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-129

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