Table 2

Exposure to major psychosocial stressors and the development of a mental disorder at one year (N = 482)
Psychosocial stressors Prevalence of mental disorders at one year Relative risk of developing a mental disorder at one year
Exposed to stressor Not exposed to stressor RR (CI95%) p-value
% (n/N) % (n/N)
Bothered a lot by
   Worrying about health 23.8% (10/42) 10.4% (46/440) 2.3 (1.2; 4.2) 0.001
   Weight and appearance 24.2% (8/33) 10.7% (48/449) 2.3 (1.2; 4.4) 0.019
   Little sexual desire or pleasure 20.0% (7/35) 11.0% (49/447) 1.8 (0.89; 3.7) 0.108
   Difficulties with partner/lover 36.8% (7/19) 10.6% (49/463) 3.5 (1.8; 6.6) 0.0005
   The stress of taking care of family members 5.3% (1/19) 11.9% (55/463) 0.44 (0.06; 3.0) 0.378
   Stress at work or outside the home 20.7% (6/29) 11.0% (50/453) 1.9 (0.88; 4.0) 0.116
   Financial problems or worries 15.8% (3/19) 11.4% (53/463) 1.4 (0.47; 4.0) 0.563
   Having no one to turn to when having a problem 20.0% (2/10) 11.4% (54/472) 1.7 (0.5; 6.2) 0.403
   Something bad that happened recently 17.1% (7/41) 11.1% (49/441) 1.5 (0.74; 3.2) 0.254
   Thinking or dreaming about something terrible that happened in the past 27.8% (5/18) 11.0% (51/464) 2.5 (1.1; 5.6) 0.029
Number of major psychosocial stressors
    None 7.9% (26/329) 1
    One 15.0% (12/80) 1.9 (1.0;3.6)
    Two or more 24.7% (18/73) 3.1 (1.8; 5.4)

Herzig et al.

Herzig et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:120   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-120

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