Table 2

Parents report of ADHD core symptoms (attention, hyperactivity, total score) regarding the treatments (NF, MED, combined)
Pre treatment Post treatment Pre-Post change (T1-T2)1 Treatment effect2
Barkley rating scores N Mean 95 % CI N Mean 95 % CI N Mean3 95 % CI Effect size4 p-unadj.5 p-adj.6 p-uadj.5 p-adj.6
Total < .001 0,310 0.173 0,228
 Medication 29 34,5 (30.6, 38.5) 22 27,8 (24.0, 31.6) 22 7.9 (4.5, 11.4)
 Neurofeedback + Medication 24 32,6 (28.6, 36.6) 22 23,7 (19.8, 27.6) 22 8,6 (5.0, 12.2) 1.76
 Neurofeedback 23 37 (33.9, 40.0) 19 26,7 (23.4, 30.1) 19 10,7 (7.6, 13.8) 2.25
Attention < .001 0,738 0,098 0,139
 Medication 29 15,9 (13.8, 18.0) 22 15,2 (13.2, 17.2) 22 1,5 (-0.3, 3.3) 0.70
 Neurofeedback + Medication 24 15,9 (13.9, 18.0) 22 14,5 (12.0, 17.2) 22 1,1 (-0.7, 3.0) 0.46
 Neurofeedback 23 19,2 (17.2, 21.1) 19 16,6 (14.5, 18.7) 19 3,1 (1.6, 4.5) 2.08
Hyperactivity < .001 0,077 0,101 0,186
 Medication 29 18,7 (16.3, 21.0) 22 12,5 (10.2, 14.4) 22 6,5 (4.3, 8.6) 2.45
 Neurofeedback + Medication 24 16,7 (14.3, 19.0) 22 9,1 (6.8, 11.4) 22 7,5 (4.9, 10.0) 1,75
 Neurofeedback 23 17,8 (15.9, 19.6) 19 10,1 (8.0, 12.2) 19 7,6 (5.6, 9.6) 2.88

1 Tests for within-subject-contrast in the General linear modell (GLM). 2 Between-groups-effect in the GLM. 3 Mean of the differences, i.e. excluding drop outs at one missing point. 4 Effect size measure δRM (ref Morris). 5 Unadjusted model. 6 Model adjusted for age and sex.

Duric et al.

Duric et al. BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:107   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-107

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