Table 2

Food intakes of adults with mood disorders according to Eating Well with Canada's Food Guide (CFG) servings and DRIs and compared to the BCNS

Study (n = 97)

BCNS (n = 1320)1


1. Comparisons with CFG servings:


a. Grains (%)


< 5 svgs/day

59**

41


5-12 svgs/day

37**

57


> 12 svgs/day

5

2


b. Vegetables and fruit (%)


< 5 svgs/day

75*

65


5-10 svgs/day

23*

32


> 10 svgs/day

2

3


c. Meat and alternatives (%)


< 100 g/day

40*

26


100-300 g/day

37***

66


> 300 g/day

22***

8


d. Milk and milk alternatives (%)


< 2 svgs/day

51***

77


2-4 svgs/day

39***

20


> 4 svgs/day

10***

3


2. Comparisons with DRIs:


a. Carbohydrates


i. Grams - median (25th; 75th %ile)

305 (215; 405)


ii. Intake (%) by AMDR2


< 45

27

22


≥ 45 to < 65

65*

76


≥ 65

8

2


b. Fat


i. Grams - median (25th; 75th %ile)

90 (64; 123)


ii. Intake (%) by AMDR2


< 20

3

1


≥ 20 to < 35

46**

74


≥ 35 to < 40

45***

19


≥ 40

5

6


c. Protein


i. Grams of intake per kilogram body weight - median (25th; 75th %ile)

1.16 (0.87; 1.53)


ii. Intake (%) by AMDR2


< 10

4

2


≥ 10 to < 30

94

98


≥ 30

2

0


d. Saturated fat3


i. Grams - median (25th; 75th %ile)

28 (18;38)


ii. % of total energy intake


< 5%

5

2


≥ 5 to < 10

38*

51


≥ 10 to < 20

56*

47


≥ 20

1

0


e. Linoleic acid


i. Grams - median (25th; 75th %ile)

2.6 (1.6; 3.7)


ii. Intake (%) by AMDR2


< 5

96**

76


≥ 5 to < 10

3**

24


≥ 10

1

< 1


f. α-Linolenic acid


i. Grams - median (25th; 75th %ile)

0.3 (0.1; 0.4)


ii. Intake (%) by AMDR2


< 0.6

91**

23


≥ 0.6 to < 1.2

7**

70


≥ 1.2

1*

7


*Significant differences between study and BCNS samples at p < 0.05

**Significant differences between study and BCNS samples at p < 0.001

***Significant differences between study and BCNS samples at p < 0.0001

11320 participants from BCNS that were between the ages of 19 to 70 years

2Adequate Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) of Dietary Reference Intakes

3No AMDR is set for saturated fats

svgs servings; g grams

Note: all statistical results in this table are based on binomial tests of two proportions. The shaded areas represent the recommended levels according to Eating Well with Canada's Food Guide or the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDR) of the Dietary Reference Intakes

Davison and Kaplan BMC Psychiatry 2012 12:10   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-12-10

Open Data