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Open Access Highly Accessed Review

Avoiding the 'twilight zone': recommendations for the transition of services from adolescence to adulthood for young people with ADHD

Susan Young1*, Clodagh M Murphy1 and David Coghill2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Forensic and Neurodevelopmental Sciences, King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK

2 Centre for Neuroscience, Division of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing, Ninewells Hospital & Medical School, University of Dundee, DD1 9SY, UK

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BMC Psychiatry 2011, 11:174  doi:10.1186/1471-244X-11-174

Published: 3 November 2011


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder that frequently persists into adulthood. However, in the UK, there is a paucity of adult services available for the increasing number of young people with ADHD who are now graduating from child services. Furthermore, there is limited research investigating the transition of young people with ADHD from child to adult services and a lack of guidance on how to achieve this effectively. This paper reviews the difficulties of young people with ADHD and their families who are transitioning between services; we review transition from the child and adult health teams' perspectives and identify barriers to the transition process. We conclude with recommendations on how to develop transition services for young people with ADHD.