Table 1

Demographic and socio-economic variables associated with severe mental illness (SMI).

Variable

SMI

(n = 52)

n (%)

Non-psychotic mental illness

(n = 94)

n (%)

χ2

P


Gender

Male

28 (53.8)

32 (34)

5.24

0.02

Female

24 (46.2)

62 (66)

Age, mean (SD)

43.8 (±10.7)

42 (±13.6)

-

0.424a

Employment

Unemployedb

31 (59.6)

12 (12.8)

35.37

<0.001

Employedc

21 (40.4)

82 (87.2)

Ethnicity (self-defined)

White

41 (78.8)

84 (89.4)

3

0.083

Black or minority

11 (21.2)

10 (10.6)

Education

School only

30 (58.8)

34 (36.2)

6.88

0.009

Further education

21 (42.2)

60 (63.8)

Duration of illness since diagnosis, years

<1

0 (0)

5 (5.3)

1-5

14 (26.9)

51 (54.3)

16.35

<0.001

6-10

38 (73.1)

37 (39.4)

>10

0 (0)

1 (1.1)


a t-test

b Includes those in receipt of state of benefits

c Includes retired, student and homemaker status

Buhagiar et al. BMC Psychiatry 2011 11:104   doi:10.1186/1471-244X-11-104

Open Data