Table 4

Associations between below normal scores on the TEPROSIF evaluation and early-life feeding or sucking behaviors using logistic regression.

Risk Factor

Unadjusted

OR (95% CI)

p

Adjusted1

OR (95% CI)

P


Gestation

Normal (38 - 40 wks)

1.0 (REF)

.105

1.0 (REF)

.09

Below normal

3.17 (1.0, 9.6)

.042

3.27 (1.0, 10.2)

.04

Above normal

.854 (.30, 2.4)

.768

.745 (.25, 2.18)

.59

Age started bottle feeding

Less than 3 mths

1.0 (REF)

.151

1.0 (REF)

.13

3 to 9 mths

.617 (.27, 1.4)

.247

.601 (.26, 1.4)

.23

More than 9 mths

.339 (.11, 1.0)

.055

.315 (.10, .98)

.05

Bottle fed

No

1.0 (REF)

.621

1.0 (REF)

.48

Yes

.679 (.15, 3.2)

.621

.568 (.1, 2.8)

Time bottle feeding

Less than 18 mths

1.0 (REF)

.521

1.0 (REF)

.59

18 to 36 mths

.731 (.24, 2.2)

.575

.788 (.26, 2.4)

.68

More than 36 mths

1.16 (.40, 3.4)

.785

1.21 (.41, 3.6)

.73

Breastfed

No

1.0 (REF)

.588

1.0 (REF)

.63

Yes

.604 (.10, 3.7)

.588

.637 (.10, 4.0)

Time breastfeeding

Less than 6 mths

1.0 (REF)

.242

1.0 (REF)

.28

6 to 12 mths

.560 (.24, 1.3)

.185

.559 (.24, 1.33)

.19

More than 12 mths

.474 (.19, 1.2)

.110

.496 (.20, 1.3)

.14

Use of pacifier

1.0 (REF)

No

1.0 (REF)

.360

1.0 (REF)

.39

Yes

1.39 (.69, 2.8)

.360

1.37 (.67, 2.8)

Time with pacifier

No use

1.0 (REF)

.07

1.0 (REF)

.08

Less than one year

1.74 (.51, 5.98)

.38

1.54 (.44, 5.45)

.50

1-3 years

.58 (.21, 1.59)

.29

.58 (.21, 1.61)

.29

Greater than 3 years

3.23 (1.04, 9.99)

.04

3.42 (1.08, 10.81)

.04

Sucked fingers

No

1.0 (REF)

.029

1.0 (REF)

.03

Yes

2.95 (1.1, 7.8)

.029

2.99 (1.1, 8.0)

Time sucking finger

0 to 12 mths

1.0 (REF)

.314

1.0 (REF)

.21

12 to 30 mths

5.33 (.34, 75.8)

.216

12.3 (.45, 343.5)

.14

> 30 mths

5.33 (.34, 75.8)

.216

14.5 (.48, 442.0)

.12


Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) are shown

1Adjusted for gender and age

Barbosa et al. BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:66   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-9-66

Open Data