Table 2

Comparison of clinical and laboratory parameters in patients with proven sepsis (sepsis with positive blood culture and/or detection of bacterial DNA in blood) and patients with non-proven sepsis (no bacterial agent found)

Maternal parameters

Proven sepsis

Non-proven sepsis

p


Maternal fever > 38°C

1/11

10/20

0.02


Maternal antibiotics

2/11

8/20

0.15


Premature rupture of membranes

3/11

8/20

0.25


Normal vaginal delivery

5/11

5/20

0.16


Infant parameters


Gestational age (GA) < 37 weeks

0/11

2/20

0.40


Irritability

6/11

6/20

0.13


Fever > 38°C

2/11

5/20

0.32


Heart rate >160 beats per minute

2/11

3/20

0.37


Respiratory rate > 60 per minute

3/11

8/20

0.21


Apgar at 5 min < 8

1/11

3/20

0.40


Feeding difficulties

2/11

4/20

0.32


Capillary refill time > 3 seconds

1/11

7/20

0.11


Oxygen saturation (SaO2) < 88%

3/11

3/20

0.26


BE < -5

0/11

0/20

1.0


Leukocyte count < 5

0/11

1/20

0.47


Platelets < 100

2/11

0/20

0.12


Blood glucose < 2,5 mmol/l

0/11

3/20

0.25


CRP mg/l

49.3 ± 41.3

42.7 ± 29.1

0.60


Highest CRP mg/l

71.7 ± 41.6

70.3.6 ± 35.5

0.92


Reier-Nilsen et al. BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:5   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-9-5

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