Table 4

Demographic characteristics of children communities of the chart review sample

Adjusteda Odds Ratio of Ever Refuse vs. Never Refuse

Age 2 and under Group

Age 6 Group


% of Pop. with Income < Poverty Levelb

0.91

(0.80, 1.04)

0.80

(0.64, 0.99)#

% of Pop. with age >= 25 yrs and < 9 yrs of Educationb

0.87

(0.74, 1.005)

0.69

(0.51, 0.92)#

Non-white% > white% versus White% > Non-white%c

1.02

(0.51, 2.02)

0.262

(0.06, 1.15)


Adjusted Mean Difference of Ever Refuse vs. Never Refuse


Average household incomed

2,820

(156, 5,485)#

4,439

(469, 8,409)#


a Adjusted for HMO, up-to-date immunization status, gender, Medicaid status, and select high use medical conditions.

b General linear model with log transformation was used.

cLogistic regression model was used.

d General linear model without log transformation was used.

# P-value < .05

Wei et al. BMC Pediatrics 2009 9:18   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-9-18

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