Table 3

Urine abnormalities among HIV-infected, ART-naïve children 2-12years old
Abnormality Frequency (n=220) %
Urinary tract infection (bacterial) 21 9.5
Sterile pyuria 12 5.5
Asymptomatic bacteriuria 12 5.5
Haematuria (microscopy) 12 5.5
S.haematobium 3 1.4
Urinary casts 16 7.3
     White cell casts 9 4.1
     Hyaline casts 3 1.4
     Epithelial casts 3 1.4
     White and red cell casts 1 0.5
     None 158 71.8

Dondo et al.

Dondo et al. BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:75   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-13-75

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