Table 3 |
|||||
Characteristics of the subgroups classified as overweight (obesity included) according to BMI, WHtR or both (n = 7703) | |||||
Boys (n = 3895) | |||||
Overweight BMI and WHtR (n = 168) | Overweight BMI only (n = 104) | Overweight WHtR only (n = 224) | Not-overweight BMI and WHtR (n = 3399) | p-value | |
Mean age, years (SD) | 5.8 (0.5) | 5.8 (0.4) | 5.5 (0.4) | 5.8 (0.4) | 0.000^{a} |
Mean height, cm (SD) | 119.8 (6.3) | 121.6 (5.6) | 113.3 (4.8) | 117.9 (5.3) | 0.000^{b} |
Mean weight, kg (SD) | 27.9 (4.4) | 27.0 (2.9) | 21.0 (2.4) | 21.1 (2.6) | 0.000^{c} |
Mean BMI, kg/(m)^{2} (SD) | 19.3 (1.5) | 18.2 (0.9) | 16.3 (0.8) | 15.2 (1.0) | 0.000^{d} |
Mean WC, cm (SD) | 62.6 (5.0) | 57.1 (2.9) | 56.7 (2.7) | 52.6 (2.8) | 0.000^{e} |
Non-Dutch ethnicity, n (%) | 56 (33.3) | 18 (17.3) | 39 (17.4) | 455 (13.4) | 0.000^{f} |
Parental educational level low, n (%) | 57 (33.9) | 36 (34.6) | 48 (21.4) | 704 (20.7) | 0.000^{c} |
Overweight according to clinical judgment of healthcare professional, n (%) | 144 (85.7) | 73 (70.2) | 17 (7.6) | 25 (0.7) | 0.000^{g} |
Girls (n = 3808) | |||||
Overweight BMI and WHtR (n = 216) | Overweight BMI only (n = 225) | Overweight WHtR only (n = 169) | Not-overweight BMI and WHtR (n = 3198) | p-value | |
Mean age, years (SD) | 5.7 (0.4) | 5.8 (0.4) | 5.6 (0.4) | 5.7 (0.4) | 0.001^{h} |
Mean height, cm (SD) | 118.2 (5.6) | 120.8 (5.7) | 112.9 (5.6) | 116.9 (5.4) | 0.000^{i} |
Mean weight, kg (SD) | 26.8 (3.9) | 26.5 (3.2) | 20.7 (2.7) | 20.6 (2.6) | 0.000^{c} |
Mean BMI, kg/(m)^{2} (SD) | 19.1 (1.6) | 18.1 (0.8) | 16.1 (0.9) | 15.0 (1.1) | 0.000^{d} |
Mean WC, cm (SD) | 62.4 (4.6) | 57.0 (2.7) | 57.3 (3.1) | 52.1 (2.9) | 0.000^{e} |
Non-Dutch ethnicity, n (%) | 50 (23.1) | 40 (17.8) | 31 (18.3) | 465 (14.5) | 0.003^{j} |
Parental educational level low, n (%) | 74 (34.3) | 71 (31.6) | 40 (23.7) | 657 (20.5) | 0.000^{k} |
Overweight according to clinical judgment of healthcare professional, n (%) | 197 (91.2) | 149 (66.2) | 14 (8.3) | 27 (0.8) | 0.000^{d} |
BMI = body mass index; WC = waist circumference; WHtR = waist-height ratio.
Post-Hoc Tests (Tukey HSD for continuous determinants and cross-tabulation (2x2) for dichotomous determinants):
A = difference between ‘overweight BMI and WHtR’ and ‘BMI only’.
B = difference between ‘overweight BMI and WHtR’ and ‘WHtR only’.
C = difference between ‘overweight BMI and WHtR’ and ‘not-overweight BMI and WHtR’.
D = difference between ‘BMI only’ and ‘WHtR only’.
E = difference between ‘BMI only’ and ‘not-overweight BMI and WHtR’.
F = difference between ‘WHtR only’ and ‘not-overweight BMI and WHtR’.
^{a}p < 0.001 for B, D, and F.
^{b}p < 0.05 for A, p < 0.001 for B, C, D, E, and F.
^{c}p < 0.001 for B, C, D, and E.
^{d}p < 0.001 for A, B, C, D, E and F.
^{e}p < 0.001 for A, B, C, E and F.
^{f}p < 0.05 for A, p < 0.01 for C, p < 0.001 for B.
^{g}p < 0.01 for A, p < 0.001 for B, C, D, E, and F.
^{h}p < 0.01 for F, p < 0.001 for D.
^{i}p < 0.01 for C, p < 0.001 for A, B, D, E, and F.
^{j}p < 0.001 for C.
^{k}p < 0.05 for B, p < 0.01 for E, p < 0.001 for C.
Veldhuis et al.
Veldhuis et al. BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:63 doi:10.1186/1471-2431-13-63