Table 2

Comparison of participant characteristics with and without PTB admitted with severe pneumonia (N=270)
Variable PTB No PTB OR (95% CI) p –value
n=51 (%) n=219 (%)
History of cough
>2 weeks (42.2%) 32 (62.7) 82 (37.4) 2.8 (1.4 - 5.2) 0.001
<2 weeks (57.8%) 19 (37.3) 137 (62.6)
History of weight loss
Present (18.5%) 17 (33.3) 33 (15.1) 2.8 (1.4 - 5.6) 0.002
Absent (81.5%) 34 (66.7) 186 (84.90)
Peripheral lymphadenopathy
Present (18.5%) 16 (31.4) 34 (15.5) 2.4 (1.2 - 4.9) 0.009
Absent (81.5%) 35 (68.6 ) 185 (84.5)
Malnutrition (WHZ)
Moderate/severe (26%) 18 (35.3) 52 (23.7) 1.7 (0.9 - 3.3) 0.23
None/mild (74%) 33(64.7) 167 (76.3)
Anaemia*
Mod/severe (69.6%) 42 (82.4) 146 (66.7) 2.3 (1.07 - 5.0) 0.028
None/mild (30.4%) 9 (17.6) 73 (33.3)
HIV serology
Positive (15.2%) 14 (27.5) 27 (12.3) 2.6 (1.2 - 5.6) 0.007
Negative (84.8%) 37 (72.5) 192 (87.7)
TB contact
Yes (17.8%) 19 (37.3) 29 (13.2) 3.89 (1.9 - 7.7) <0.001
No (82.2%) 32 (62.7) 190 (86.8)
BCG immunisation
Yes (93%) 43 (84.3) 208 (95) 0.28 (0.1 - 0.74) 0.007
No (7%) 8 (15.7) 11 (5.0)
Age group
Under 1 year 13 (25.5) 88 (40.2) 0.008
1 – 5 years 24 (47.1) 106 (48.4)
Above 5 years 14 (27.5) 25 (11.4)

Definitions: WHZ, < -2 Z score – severe/moderate malnutrition. Z scores obtained using EpiInfo 3.5.1 Nutrition program. Anaemia, mod/severe, < 7 gm/dl for age group less than 5 years OR < 8 gm/dl for age group 5 – 14 years.

Nantongo et al.

Nantongo et al. BMC Pediatrics 2013 13:16   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-13-16

Open Data