Table 3

Patient and hospital characteristics according to patient illness severity
Characteristic Number of hospitalizations by severity (%) p
Minor-moderate Major Extreme
Age
 < 1 year 808,137 (72.6) 167,764 (68.2) 44,741 (66.3)
 1-4 years 156,808 (10.0) 21,744 (9.7) 6,501 (10.3)
 5-9 years 95,181 (6.1) 13,918 (6.3) 3,604 (5.7)
 10-14 years 80,767 (5.1) 15,085 (6.7) 4,340 (6.9)
 15-18 years 100,739 (6.2) 21,191 (9.1) 7,135 (10.8) 0.0001
Gender
 Male 689,310 (54.9) 134,378 (56.0) 37,989 (57.3)
 Female 545,134 (45.1) 105,168 (44.0) 28,301 (42.7) 0.0001
Source of Admission
 Routine/Office/Clinic 855,444 (77.3) 166,788 (70.4) 34,520 (51.7)
 Emergency Department 292,213 (19.2) 41,078 (18.6) 13,401 (21.4)
 Another Hospital 45,926 (3.0) 21,622 (9.9) 15,270 (24.9)
 Another health care facility, including long term care & nursing care facility 6,433 (0.4) 2,163 (1.0) 1,219 (2.0)
 Court/Law enforcement institution 479 (0.1) 49 (0.1) 2 - 0.0001
Hospital Bed Size
 Small 146,625 (12.2) 25,705 (11.7) 6,942 (11.9)
 Medium 324,107 (27.1) 60,101 (26.4) 15,401 (25.0)
 Large 750,443 (60.7) 148,380 (61.9) 42,353 (63.1) 0.5804
Hospital Location
 Rural 116,732 (10.7) 11,295 (5.4) 924 (1.6)
 Urban 1,104,443 (89.3) 222,891 (94.6) 63,772 (98.4) 0.0001
Type of Hospital
 Children’s Teaching and Non-Teaching Hospital 347,849 (27.0) 94,388 (44.6) 37,902 (63.7)
 Non-Children’s Teaching Hospital 357,053 (31.5) 66,159 (28.8) 15,453 (23.6)
 Non-Children’s Non-Teaching Hospital 460,607 (41.5) 63,578 (26.6) 8,815 (12.7) 0.0001
Payer Type
 Medicaid 548,173 (43.0) 110,907 (46.6) 33,663 (51.0)
 Private/HMO 589,224 (49.0) 109,761 (45.6) 27,482 (41.3)
 Self-Pay 59,312 (4.9) 8,893 (3.7) 1,747 (2.6)
 Other 42,907 (3.1) 9,832 (4.2) 3,371 (5.1) 0.0001

HMO = Health maintenance organization.

Miller et al.

Miller et al. BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:61   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-61

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