Open Access Study protocol

Longitudinal Evaluation of Transition Services (“LETS Study”): Protocol for outcome evaluation

Irina Tsybina1, Shauna Kingsnorth1*, Joanne Maxwell23, Mark Bayley3, Sally Lindsay1, Patricia McKeever1, Angela Colantonio3, Yani Hamdani4, Helen Healy2 and Colin Macarthur5

Author Affiliations

1 Bloorview Research Institute, Toronto, Canada

2 Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, Canada

3 Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, Toronto, Canada

4 Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

5 SickKids Research Institute, Toronto, Canada

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BMC Pediatrics 2012, 12:51  doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-51

Published: 15 May 2012



Because of advances in medical treatment, most children with physical disabilities can expect to achieve near normal life spans. Typically, coordinated teams of health care providers in specialized pediatric settings care for these children. As these children reach adulthood, however, the availability of services and expertise changes because the adult health care system has different processes designed to meet their specialized needs. Gaps in continuity of care during the transition from pediatric to adult services, and associated poor health outcomes are well documented. In response, new models of care are being introduced to address the complex process of health care transition. This paper describes a study protocol of a client-centred, prospective, longitudinal, mixed-method evaluation of linked model of health care across the lifespan (the LIFEspan Model), offered by a pediatric rehabilitation centre and an adult rehabilitation centre.


This project will include a process and an outcome evaluation of the LIFEspan Model. The process evaluation will detail the specific service delivery that occurs with respect to preparation for transition and transfer of care through chart audits of pediatric medical records and qualitative interviews with LIFEspan staff. The outcome evaluation will measure the effect of the model on: 1) maintaining continuity within the health care system from pediatric to adult care; and 2) secondary outcomes related to health, well-being, social participation, transition readiness, and health care utilization of youth with cerebral palsy and acquired brain injury. Standardized instruments will include Health Utilities Inventory, Assessment of Life Habits, Arc’s Self-Determination, Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life, Partners in Health Questionnaire, Social Support Questionnaire, and Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease.


The LETS study will be original in its undertaking of a prospective examination of outcomes 1-year post-transition, use of multiple comparison groups, and absence of disability-related exclusion criteria ensuring that the transition experiences of varied populations of young people and their families will be represented.

Trial registration webcite, ID NCT00975338

Transitions; Youth; Complex chronic conditions; Disability; Rehabilitation; Study protocol; Research methods