Table 9

Prevalence of under-nutrition relative to the international growth references among Pakistani primary school children aged five to twelve years

Reference

Stunting

< -2 SD height-for-age z score

Underweight

< -2 SD weight-for-age z score

Thinness/Wasting

< -2 SD BMI-for-age z score


n (%)

P valuea

n (%)

P valuea

n (%)

P valuea


Boys (n = 977)


WHO 2007

84 (8.6)

0.146

69 (7.1)b

< 0.001

99 (10.1)

< 0.001




USCDC 2000

90 (9.2)

126 (12.9)

125 (12.8)


IOTFc

-

-

36 (3.7)d

< 0.001g


45 (4.6)e

< 0.001h


180 (18.4)f


Girls (n = 883)


WHO 2007

68 (7.7)

0.774

56 (6.3)i

< 0.001

89 (10.1)

< 0.001




USCDC 2000

70 (7.9)

104 (11.8)

119 (13.5)


IOTFc

-

-

31 (3.5)d

< 0.001g


70 (7.9)e

0.003h


166 (18.8)f


Total (n = 1860)


WHO 2007

152 (8.2)

0.169

125 (6.7)j

< 0.001

188 (10.1)

< 0.001




USCDC 2000

160 (8.6)

230 (12.4)

244 (13.1)


IOTFc

-

-

67 (3.6)d

< 0.001g

115 (6.2)e

< 0.001h

346 (18.6)f


a P values are for difference between the estimates by the WHO 2007 and USCDC 2000 references obtained by the McNemar test

b n = 747 (boys aged five to ten years) for underweight prevalence with the WHO 2007 reference

c IOTF estimates are based on cut-offs corresponding to the respective BMI cut-off value at age 18 years and above

d Thinness grade three,e Thinness grade two, andf Thinness grade one

g grade one thinness compared to the WHO 2007 reference,h grade one thinness compared to the USCDC 2000 reference

i n = 699 (girls aged five to ten years), andj n = 1446 (children aged five to ten years) for underweight prevalence with the WHO 2007 reference

Mushtaq et al. BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:31   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-31

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