Table 8 

Prevalence of overnutrition relative to the international growth references among Pakistani primary school children aged five to twelve years (n = 1860) 

Reference 
Overweight > + 1 SD BMIforage z score 
Obesity > + 2 SD BMIforage z score 



n (%) 
P value^{a} 
n (%) 
P value^{a} 



Boys (n = 977) 



WHO 2007 
170 (17.4) 
< 0.001 
86 (8.8) 
< 0.001 



USCDC 2000 
141 (14.4) 
45 (4.6) 



IOTF^{b} 
74 (7.6) 
< 0.001^{c} 
42 (4.3) 
< 0.001^{c} 
< 0.001^{d} 
0.453^{d} 



Girls (n = 883) 



WHO 2007 
146 (16.5) 
0.006 
54 (6.1) 
< 0.001 



USCDC 2000 
135 (15.3) 
30 (3.4) 



IOTF^{b} 
80 (9.1) 
< 0.001^{c} 
45 (5.1) 
0.422^{c} 
< 0.001^{d} 
< 0.001^{d} 



Total (n = 1860) 



WHO 2007 
316 (17.0) 
< 0.001 
140 (7.5) 
< 0.001 



USCDC 2000 
276 (14.8) 
75 (4.0) 



IOTF^{b} 
154 (8.3) 
< 0.001^{c} 
87 (4.7) 
< 0.001^{c} 
< 0.001^{d} 
0.017^{d} 



^{a }P values are for difference between the estimates by the WHO 2007 and USCDC 2000 references obtained by the McNemar test ^{b }IOTF estimates are based on cutoffs corresponding to the respective BMI cutoff value at age 18 years and above ^{c }compared to the WHO 2007 reference,^{d }compared to the USCDC 2000 reference 

Mushtaq et al. BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:31 doi:10.1186/147124311231 