Table 8

Prevalence of over-nutrition relative to the international growth references among Pakistani primary school children aged five to twelve years (n = 1860)

Reference

Overweight

> + 1 SD BMI-for-age z score

Obesity

> + 2 SD BMI-for-age z score


n (%)

P valuea

n (%)

P valuea


Boys (n = 977)


WHO 2007

170 (17.4)

< 0.001

86 (8.8)

< 0.001



USCDC 2000

141 (14.4)

45 (4.6)


IOTFb

74 (7.6)

< 0.001c

42 (4.3)

< 0.001c

< 0.001d

0.453d


Girls (n = 883)


WHO 2007

146 (16.5)

0.006

54 (6.1)

< 0.001



USCDC 2000

135 (15.3)

30 (3.4)


IOTFb

80 (9.1)

< 0.001c

45 (5.1)

0.422c

< 0.001d

< 0.001d


Total (n = 1860)


WHO 2007

316 (17.0)

< 0.001

140 (7.5)

< 0.001



USCDC 2000

276 (14.8)

75 (4.0)


IOTFb

154 (8.3)

< 0.001c

87 (4.7)

< 0.001c

< 0.001d

0.017d


a P values are for difference between the estimates by the WHO 2007 and USCDC 2000 references obtained by the McNemar test

b IOTF estimates are based on cut-offs corresponding to the respective BMI cut-off value at age 18 years and above

c compared to the WHO 2007 reference,d compared to the USCDC 2000 reference

Mushtaq et al. BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:31   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-31

Open Data