Table 2

Approximate figures for benefits of circumcision in infancy versus circumcision later

    Condition

    Infancy

    Later

    Critical age for maximum benefit

UTI

10 ×

5 ×

birth, highest risk in 1st year of life

Phimosis

5-infinity

5-infinity

birth

Balanitis

3 ×

3 ×

birth, higher risk after onset of sexual activity

Hygiene

n/a

n/a

birth

HIV

3-8 ×

3-8 ×

onset of sexual activity

HPV

2 ×

2 ×

onset of sexual activity

HSV-2

1.3 ×

1.3 ×

onset of sexual activity

Thrush

2 ×

2 ×

onset of sexual activity

Penile cancer

3-22 ×

less

protection level unclear if performed after childhood


See main text for references to each condition

Morris et al. BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:20   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-20

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