Table 1

Baseline characteristics of mothers who initiated breastfeeding by site
Paarl (n = 330) Rietvlei (n = 291) Umlazi (n = 378)
Mothers age Median years 24 (20–29) 22 (19–28) 22 (19–28)
Mothers education Median years 10 (9–11) 9 (8–11) 11 (10–12)
Marital status
Married 61 (18.5) 167 (57.9) 14 (3.7)
Cohabiting 13 (3.9) 4 (1.4) 68 (17.9)
Single/ divorced/ widowed/ separated 256 (77.6) 117 (40.6) 296 (78.3)
Missing 0 3 (1.0) 0
Parity
Primipara 157 (47.6) 123 (42.3) 210 (55.6)
Multipara 173 (52.4) 168 (57.7) 168 (44.4)
Attendance at antenatal clinic
Yes 324 (98.2) 278 (97.5) 377 (99.7)
SES quintile
1 (poorest) 0 175 (60.1) 10 (2.6)
2 35 (10.7) 82 (28.2) 65 (17.2)
3 82 (25.0) 25 (8.6) 90 (23.8)
4 118 (35.9) 3 (1.0) 87 (23.0)
5 (least poor) 93 (28.3) 0 107 (28.3)
Missing 2 (0.6) 6 (2.1) 19 (5.0)
Electricity in the house
Yes 311 (94.2) 174 (59.8) 350 (92.6)
Water source
Surface water and other 0 216 (74.2) 1 (0.2)
Borehole/public tap 8 (2.4) 45 (15.5) 72 (19.0)
Piped into yard or house 320 (97.5) 29 (10.0) 304 (80.4)
Missing 2 (0.6) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.2)
Type of toilet
None/open 0 99 (34.0) 47 (12.4)
Pit/ Ventilated Improved Pit 167 (50.6) 155 (53.3) 167 (44.2)
Flush 159 (48.2) 0 156 (41.3)
Missing / other 4 (1.2) 37 (12.7) 8 (2.1)

Data are number (%) or median (IQR).

Doherty et al.

Doherty et al. BMC Pediatrics 2012 12:105   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-12-105

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