Table 2

Relationships between Individual-Level Risk Factors and Past Six-Month Substance Use

Alcohol quantity and frequency

Number of cigarettes smoked per day

Marijuana frequency

Number of hard drugs used


Enrolled in school

-.15**

-.18***

-.05

-.14***

Self-esteem

-.08

-.07

-.04

-.14***

Externalizing behavior

.32***

.22***

.14**

.27***


*p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001

Feldstein Ewing et al. BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:71   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-11-71

Open Data