Table 12

Rates of specific adverse effects for the non-antiepileptic drug treatments reported to be most effective

Adverse Effects

Ketogenic

Diet

Atkin's or

modified

Atkin's Diet

Gluten-free

Casein-free

Diet

Hyperbaric

Oxygen

Therapy


Mood Instability or Anger

0%

0%

2%

4%


Behavioral Change

2%

0%

1%

2%


Drowsiness/tiredness/fatigue

8%

0%

1%

0%


Change in appetite or weight

2%

10%

2%

0%


Increase in seizures

4%

0%

0%

0%


Constipation or diarrhea

12%

5%

3%

0%


Sleep disruption

2%

0%

0%

4%


Inattention or confusion

0%

0%

1%

2%


Rash or allergic reaction

0%

0%

0%

0%


Hyperactivity

2%

0%

0%

0%


Nausea and/or vomiting

2%

0%

0%

0%


Ataxia, tremor or dizziness

0%

0%

0%

0%


Unusual infection

0%

0%

0%

4%


Movement disorder

2%

0%

0%

0%


Anxiety

0%

0%

0%

0%


Headache

0%

0%

0%

0%


Hair loss

0%

0%

0%

0%


Visual disturbances

0%

0%

0%

0%


Speech disturbance

0%

0%

0%

0%


Enuresis

0%

0%

0%

0%


Other

10%

0%

0%

2%


Frye et al. BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:37   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-11-37

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