Table 3

Formulation of vitamin/mineral supplement used in present study, and comparison to Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) or Adequate Intake (AI) and Tolerable Upper Limit.

VITAMINS

Current Supplement

(for 60 lb child)

RDA/AI (4-8 yr)

(AI values indicated by asterisk)

Upper Limit for children ages 4-8 years


Vitamin A

(palmitate)

1000 IU

400 mcg (1333 IU)

900 mcg (3000 IU)


Vitamin C

(calcium ascorbate)

600 mg

25 mg

650 mg


Vitamin D3

(cholecalciferol)

300 IU

5 mcg (200 IU)*

50 mcg (2000 IU)


Vitamin E

150 IU

7 mg (10.5 IU)

300 mg (450 IU)


Mixed Tocopherols

70 mg

n/a

n/a


Vitamin K

0

55 mcg*

ND


B1

(thiamin HCl)

20 mg

0.6 mg

ND


B2

(riboflavin)

20 mg

0.6 mg

ND


B3

(niacin/niacinamide)

15 mg niacin

10 mg niacinamide

8 mg

15 mg


B5 (calcium d-pantothenate)

15 mg

3 mg*

ND


B6 (pyridoxine HCl)

40 mg

0.6

40 mg


B12 (cyanocobalamin)

500 mcg

1.2 mcg

ND


Folic Acid

100 mcg

200 mcg

400 mcg


Folinic Acid

550 mcg


Biotin

(biotin)

150 mcg

12 mcg*

ND


Choline

(choline chloride)

250 mg

250 mg*

1000 mg


Inositol

100 mg

n/a

n/a


Mixed Carotenoids

3.6 mg

n/a

n/a


Coenzyme Q10

50 mg

n/a

n/a


N-acetyl cysteine

50 mg

n/a

n/a


MINERALS


Calcium

(from calcium ascorbate)

100 mg

800 mg*

2500 mg


Chromium

(chromium amino acid chelate)

70 mcg

15 mcg*

ND


Copper

0

440 mcg

3000 mcg


Iodine

(potassium iodide)

100 mcg

90 mcg

300 mcg


Iron

0

10 mg

40 mg


Lithium

(lithium orotate)

500 mcg

n/a***

n/a


Magnesium

(magnesium chloride hexahydrate)

100 mg

130 mg

110 mg**


Manganese

(manganese amino acid chelate)

3 mg

1.5 mg*

3 mg


Molybdenum

(sodium molybdate dihydrate)

150 mcg

22 mcg

600 mcg


Phosphorus

0

500 mg

3000 mg


Potassium

(potassium chloride)

50 mg

3.8 g*

n/a


Selenium

(selenomethionine and sodium selenite)

22 mcg

30 mcg

150 mcg


Sulfur

(MSM)

500 mg

n/a

n/a


Zinc

(zinc gluconate)

12 mg

5 mg

12 mg


Other Ingredients in Current Supplement

Natural cherry flavor; sucrose, sucralose; preservatives (potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate).


ND: none determined

* Adequate Intake

** for Magnesium, the UL is the amount for supplements and does not count food sources

*** Estimated daily intake of lithium in food is 1900 mcg/day for adults.

Adams et al. BMC Pediatrics 2011 11:111   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-11-111

Open Data