Table 3

Factors associated with low zinc in 247 HIV infected Ugandan children aged 1-5 years

Variable

No. of children

Low zinc < 10μmol/L

(n; %)

Unadjusted OR (95%CI)

p-value

Adjusted OR (95%CI)


Age < 36 months

Age ≥ 36 months

146

101

86 (58.2)

49 (48.5)

1.5 (0.9 - 2.5)

0.153

1.0 (0.6 - 1.8)

Male

Female

128

119

75 (58.6)

59 (49.6)

1.4 (0.9 - 2.4)

0.162

0.7 (0.4 - 1.1)

On HAART

No HAART

44

203

13 (29.5)

121(59.6)

3.5 (1.7 - 7.1)

0.000

3.7 (1.8 - 7.7)

Reported fever

No fever

44

203

30 (68.2)

104 (51.2)

2.0 (1.0 - 4.1)

0.046

2.2 (1.1 - 4.6)

Current diarrhoea

No Diarrhoea

20

227

15 (75.0)

119 (52.4)

2.7 (1.0 - 7.7)

0.062

2.2 (0.8 - 6.7)

Cough present

No cough

141

106

81 (57.4)

53 (50.0)

1.4 (0.8 - 2.2)

0.249

WHO stage 3 or 4

WHO stage 1 or 2

62

185

42 (67.7)

92 (49.7)

2.1 (1.2 - 3.9)

0.018

1.5 (0.8 - 2.9)

WHZ score < -2

WHZ score ≥ -2

24

223

15 (62.5)

119 (53.4)

1.5 (0.6 - 3.5)

0.519

WAZ score < -2

WAZ score ≥ -2

56

191

38 (67.9)

96 (50.3)

2.1 (1.1 - 3.9)

0.022

1.2 (0.6 - 2.6)

HAZ score < -2

HAZ score ≥ -2

136

111

80 (58.8)

54 (48.6)

1.5 (0.9 - 2.5)

0.124

1.3 (0.8 - 2.3)

CRP < 6 mg/L

CRP ≥ 6 mg/L

147

100

72 (49.0)

62 (62.0)

1.7 (1.0 - 2.9)

0.051

1.6 (0.9 - 2.7)

Hb < 11 g/dl

Hb ≥ 11 g/dl

170

77

98 (57.6)

36 (46.8)

1.6 (0.9 - 2.7)

0.130

1.1 (0.6 - 2.0)

CD4 < 20%

CD4 ≥ 20%

85

162

52 (61.2)

82 (50.6)

1.5 (0.9 - 2.5)

0.139

1.1 (0.6 - 1.9)


Ndeezi et al. BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:68   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-10-68

Open Data