Table 5

Variables significantly associated with asthma, probable asthma,i and asthma morbidity/control.ii

Variable

Prevalence Ratio (PR)

95% Confidence Interval (CI)


Risk of asthma diagnosis

Black vs. all other races/ethnicities

1.51

1.11-2.04

Puerto Rican vs. all other races/ethnicities

1.39

1.03-1.89

Mexican vs. all other races/ethnicities

0.56

0.38-0.82

Risk of probable asthma

High vs. low vehicle idling

1.80

1.18-2.74

Caregiver stressed by community crime

1.73

1.07-2.79

Risk of wheeze during the day (diagnosed asthma only)

Caregiver felt unable to cope

2.39

1.17-4.88

Caregiver stressed by community crime

2.07

1.05-4.88

Risk of wheeze at night (diagnosed asthma only)

Caregiver felt unable to cope

2.24

1.09-4.58

Risk of wheeze during exercise (diagnosed asthma only)

Caregiver felt unable to cope

1.68

1.03-2.74

Caregiver reported general stress

2.05

1.03-4.07

Risk of missed school days (diagnosed asthma only)

Caregiver felt unable to cope

2.45

1.21-4.96


iProbable asthma defined as 1 or more affirmative response to the Brief Pediatric Asthma Screen Plus[19] without having a formal diagnosis of asthma.

iiPrevalence ratios for all variables listed in Table 4 were estimated; only statistically significant associations are shown here.

Gupta et al. BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:45   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-10-45

Open Data