Table 4

Characteristics of children surveyed presented by asthma status.i

Variable

Proportion (%),

Diagnosed Asthma

Proportion (%),

Probable Asthmaii

Proportion (%),

No Asthma


Demographic characteristics

Age (years)

(n = 122)

(n = 78)

(n = 287)

3-4

4.9

5.1

4.2

5-6

5.7

11.5

7.3

7-8

18.0

24.4

22.3

9-10

23.0

21.8

20.2

11-12

19.7

14.1

20.2

13-14

26.2

18.0

22.3

15-16

2.5

5.1

3.5

Race/Ethnicityiii

(n = 123)

(n = 79)

(n = 288)

Black

43.1

34.2

29.6

White

6.5

2.5

6.3

Asian

0.0

0.0

0.4

Puerto Rican

49.6

29.1

36.7

Mexican

21.1

17.7

37.5

Other Hispanic

12.2

7.6

12.9

Other Ethnicity

1.6

0.0

1.4

Insurance Type

(n = 121)

(n = 73)

(n = 284)

Private

8.3

11.0

8.8

Medicaid/AllKids

81.8

78.1

83.5

Uninsured

8.3

9.6

6.7

Other

1.7

1.4

1.1

Individual triggers

Child lives in:iii

(n = 105)

(n = 74)

(n = 221)

Rented home

85.7

77.0

84.6

Live with family/friends

8.6

9.5

7.7

Owned home

8.6

16.2

10.0

Smoking inside child's home?

(n = 105)

(n = 74)

(n = 220)

Yes

23.8

29.7

24.5

No

76.2

68.9

75.0

Unsure

0.0

1.4

0.5

Roach inside child's home?

(n = 105)

(n = 74)

(n = 220)

Yes

12.4

13.5

10.9

No

84.8

78.4

88.6

Unsure

2.9

8.1

0.5

Pet inside child's home?iii

(n = 104)

(n = 72)

(n = 220)

Yes, cat

15.4

15.3

12.7

Yes, dog

24.0

19.4

20.0

Yes, other pet

11.5

9.7

7.3

No

54.8

61.1

60.0

Community triggers

Time in neighborhood?

(n = 122)

(n = 79)

(n = 286)

≥ 5 years

54.1

51.9

47.9

< 5 years

45.9

48.1

52.1

Vehicles idle on street?

(n = 119)

(n = 78)

(n = 281)

Most of the time

25.2

31.7

16.0

Some of the time

51.3

48.1

57.7

None of the time

23.5

20.3

26.3

Felt unsafe in neighborhood?

(n = 123)

(n = 79)

(n = 79)

Most of the time

16.3

31.7

10.6

Some of the time

53.7

50.6

46.8

None of the time

30.1

17.7

42.6

Ever kept child inside because of violence in community?

(n = 123)

(n = 75)

(n = 219)

Yes

64.1

61.3

52.5

No

35.9

38.7

47.5

Psychosocial triggers

Felt nervous/stressed? (past month)

(n = 123)

(n = 75)

(n = 285)

Most of the time

15.5

11.4

13.3

Some of the time

60.2

59.5

50.9

None of the time

24.4

29.1

35.8

Nervous/stressed by crime in community? (past month)

(n = 123)

(n = 79)

(n = 285)

Most of the time

11.5

20.3

11.2

Some of the time

44.3

31.7

37.6

None of the time

44.3

48.1

51.2

Could not cope with responsibilities? (past month)

(n = 102)

(n = 73)

(n = 220)

Most of the time

6.9

5.5

4.6

Some of the time

47.1

50.7

56.8

None of the time

46.1

43.8

38.6


iResponse rate varied by item; n-value listed indicates the total number of responses received for a given item.

iiProbable asthma defined as 1 or more affirmative response to the Brief Pediatric Asthma Screen Plus[19] without having a formal diagnosis of asthma.

iiiMultiple selections were allowed; sum need not equal 100%.

Gupta et al. BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:45   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-10-45

Open Data