Table 4

Effects of Alternative Disciplinary Tactics and Psychotherapy in 1988 on Antisocial Behavior in 1990 When Substituted for Spanking in the Analysis Summarized in Table 3

Corrective Action

Degrees of Freedom

Mean Sum of Squares

F Value


Spanking

3

798.4

2.87*

Grounding

3

893.1

3.20*

Privilege removal

3

435.4

1.53

Sending to room

3

632.6

2.20a

Psychotherapy

1

1116.5

3.93*


N = 785, except 782 for Psychotherapy.

aP < .10.

*P < .05.

Larzelere et al. BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:10   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-10-10

Open Data