Table 2

Inter-Correlations for Disciplinary Tactics, Psychotherapy, Control Variables, Antisocial Behavior, Hyperactivity, and Headstrong Subscales

Variable

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.


1. Spank

1.

.14

.09

.09

-.00

-.21

-.12

-.07

-.07

.08

.15

.16

.21

.22

-.03

-.01

.02

2. Grounding

.27

1.

.35

.07

.04

-.13

-.07

-.08

-.04

.18

.20

.14

.18

.22

-.07

-.05

.04

3. Priv. removal

.22

.42

1.

.16

.02

.06

-.06

-.05

-.02

.14

.03

.01

.04

.08

-.03

-.02

.05

4. Sent to room

.31

.22

.30

1.

.03

.10

-.01

.03

.00

-.12

.04

.12

.08

.01

.05

-.02

-.07

5. Therapy

.01

.04

.03

.04

1.

.00

-.04

-.11

.05

-.06

.16

.13

.11

.14

.02

-.01

.03

6. Cogntv stim

-.17

-.11

.04

.07

-.01

1.

.24

.03

.24

-.26

-.13

-.10

-.22

-.23

-.04

.01

-.01

7. SES

-.10

-.07

-.06

-.02

-.02

.22

1.

.02

.14

-.09

-.08

-.01

-.14

-.12

-.05

-.08

.01

8. Female

-.10

-.09

-.08

-.03

-.13

.02

.01

1.

.06

.00

-.13

-.09

-.12

-.16

-.02

.02

-.05

9. Emot. support

-.07

-.05

-.04

-.02

.03

.25

.15

.04

1.

-.16

-.06

-.03

-.10

-.17

-.03

-.01

-.07

10. Non-White

.09

.16

.13

-.06

-.07

-.25

-.07

.05

-.17

1.

-.04

-.16

.05

.08

.03

.03

.03

[1988 Behavior Problem Index subscales]:

11. Hyperactivity

.19

.21

.08

.12

.15

-.12

-.08

-.13

-.05

-.02

1.

.55

.44

.39

-.41

-.13

-.04

12. Headstrong

.23

.19

.09

.21

.11

-.07

-.06

-.11

-.04

-.11

.56

1.

.47

.37

-.16

-.41

-.09

13. Antisocial

.27

.22

.11

.18

.10

-.19

-.15

-.15

-.09

.07

.44

.49

1.

.49

-.13

-.15

-.49

[1990 Behavior Problem Index subscale]:

14. Antisocial

.27

.25

.14

.13

.12

-.21

-.15

-.17

-.15

.09

.41

.39

.49

1.

.16

.25

.52

[Gain in Behavior Problem Index subscales from 1988 to 1990]:

15. Hyperactivity

-.04

-.06

-.04

.02

.00

-.02

-.04

-.01

-.03

.02

-.42

-.15

-.12

.15

1.

.39

.28

16. Headstrong

-.03

-.06

-.03

-.04

.00

.01

-.04

.03

.00

.01

-.13

-.40

-.16

.26

.39

1.

.39

17. Antisocial

.01

.03

.04

-.05

.03

-.02

-.01

-.03

-.06

.02

-.03

-.09

-.49

.53

.26

.41

1.

Full sample statistics

Mean

.74

.43

.44

.92

.04

.06

.07

.49

.03

.59

1.68

1.71

50.29

50.17

-.05

.01

-.12

SD

.994

.826

.839

1.096

.204

.733

.677

.500

.785

.492

.364

.364

18.99

19.55

.338

.339 19.52

Subsample statistics

Mean

1.02

.59

.61

1.27

.05

.06

.05

.46

.00

.61

1.71

1.76

53.09

52.93

-.06

.00

-.16

SD

1.038

.918

.931

1.102

.213

.733

.665

.499

.790

.489

.361

.351

18.84

19.30

.335

.341 19.26


Note: N = 785 below diagonal for full sample (782 for therapy). N = 571 above diagonal for subsample with some use of at least one tactic (570 for therapy). Cogntv stim = Cognitive stimulus. P < .05 if |r| > .08.

Larzelere et al. BMC Pediatrics 2010 10:10   doi:10.1186/1471-2431-10-10

Open Data