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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Intravitreal triamcinolone with transpupillary therapy for subfoveal choroidal neovascularization in age related macular degeneration. A randomized controlled pilot study [ISRCTN74123635]

Ricardo Agurto-Rivera1*, Jose Diaz-Rubio1, Luis Torres-Bernal1, Tamer A Macky2, Juner Colina-Luquez1, Gabriela Papa-Oliva1, Rama D Jager3, Susana Martinez-Jardon1, Jans Fromow-Guerra1 and Hugo Quiroz-Mercado1

Author Affiliations

1 Retina Service, Asociación Para Evitar la Ceguera (APEC), Mexico City, Mexico

2 Department of Ophthalmology, Kasr El Aini Hospital, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

3 Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

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BMC Ophthalmology 2005, 5:27  doi:10.1186/1471-2415-5-27

Published: 25 November 2005

Abstract

Background

To assess the effect of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (iTA) as an adjunctive treatment to transpupillary therapy (TTT) for new subfoveal choroidal neovascular membranes (CNV) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Methods

This prospective randomized controlled pilot study comprised 26 patients scheduled to receive TTT, due to either absent indications for photodynamic therapy or financial issues. Patients were assigned into; Group A (n = 14) received TTT alone and Group B (n = 12) received iTA (4 mg) followed by TTT within one week. Follow ups were at 2 weeks, and 1, 3 and 6 months for; best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) by ETDRS chart at 4 meters, intraocular pressures (IOP), fluorescein angiography (FAG), and central foveal thickness by optical coherence tomography (OCT).

Results

All 26 patients completed 6 months of follow ups. The average age for both groups was 74 years. Occult CNV formed 64% and 41%; classis/predominately classic 21% and 16.6%; and minimally classic 15% and 42.4% of group A and B respectively. At baseline; the mean BCVA was 0.045 for group A and 0.04 for group B; mean CNV size was 6.15 disc diameter (DD) and 2.44 DD; mean OCT foveal thickness was 513 um and 411 um for group A and B respectively with no statistical differences (P = 0.8, 0.07, and 0.19). At six months the proportion of patients gained ≥ 1 lines was 14% and 25% (P = 0.136) and stabilization was 86% and 66% (P = 0.336); the mean size of the CNV was 5.63 DD and 2.67 DD (P = 0.162); rate of CNV closure was 64% and 83% (P = 0.275); and the mean OCT central foveal thickness was 516.36 um and 453.67 um (P = 0.341), for group A and B respectively.

Conclusion

The use of iTA as an adjunctive to TTT for new subfoveal CNV in AMD showed a tendency towards better functional results. However due to the small sample size of the study a statistically significant results could not be reached.