Table 1

Patient demographics
N % Mean ± SD
Age (years) 62.7 ± 15.0
Sex
 Male 33 56.9
 Female 25 43.1
Diagnosis before PKP
 Bullous keratopathy 21 36.2
 Regraft 14 24.1
 Corneal scar 13 22.4
 Corneal dystrophy 4 6.9
 Keratoconus 3 5.2
 Corneal ulcer 3 5.2
Type of surgery
 PKP 43 74.1
 PKP + ECCE + IOL 13 22.4
 PKP + IOL suture 2 3.4
history of glaucoma 17 29.3
Previous episodes of rejection 8 13.8
ECD before rejection 1401 ± 776
Interval between PKP and rejection (months) 31.5 ± 36.7
Interval between rejection and treatment with systemic steroids (days) 9.2 ± 9.7
Systemic steroid
 Dexamethasone phosphate 47 81.0
 Methylprednisolone 11 19.0
Complications
 Elevated IOP 15 25.9
 Herpes simplex keratitis 3 5.2
 Fungal keratitis 1 1.7

ECCE, extracapsular cataract extraction; ECD, endothelial cell density; IOL, intraocular lens; IOP, intraocular pressure; PKP, penetrating keratoplasty; SD, standard deviation.

Yamazoe et al.

Yamazoe et al. BMC Ophthalmology 2013 13:5   doi:10.1186/1471-2415-13-5

Open Data