Changes of macular sensitivity and morphology after pars plana vitrectomy for macular edema with central retinal vein occlusion: a case series
1 Department of Ophthalmology, Yachiyo Medical Center, Tokyo Women’s Medical University, 477-96, Owada-shinden, Yachiyo, Chiba, 276-8524, Japan
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Center East, Tokyo Women’s Medical University, Tokyo, Japan
3 Department of Biostatistics, STATZ Institute Inc, Tokyo, Japan
BMC Ophthalmology 2013, 13:2 doi:10.1186/1471-2415-13-2Published: 5 February 2013
It is unclear how retinal ischemia influences the changes of visual acuity, macular sensitivity, macular thickness, and macular volume after the performance of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for macular edema in patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO).
Ten patients (10 eyes) with CRVO and macular edema underwent PPV. Retinal ischemia was evaluated from the area of capillary nonperfusion on fluorescein angiography, and the patients were classified into ischemic or nonischemic groups. Microperimetry was performed with a Micro Perimeter 1. Macular thickness and volume were measured by optical coherence tomography.
In both groups, the mean macular thickness within the central 4°, 10°, and 20° fields decreased significantly from baseline to 3 and 6 months after PPV (all P < 0.05). In the ischemic group, the mean macular sensitivity within the central 4°, 10°, and 20° fields increased from baseline to 3 and 6 months after PPV, but no significant difference was observed.
These results suggest that PPV may be effective for improving macular thickness, volume, and sensitivity in patients with macular edema secondary to ischemic CRVO, although there was no significant difference.