Table 6

Hazard ratios for individual symptoms with a Charlson Comorbidity Index of >5 vs. ≤5

question

hazard ratio

95% confidence interval

p-value


leaking urine ≥once a day

2.5

1.5-4.0

< 0.01


no complete urinary control

1.7

1.2-2.5

< 0.01


great/moderate problem with frequent urination

2.1

1.3-3.2

< 0.01


great/moderate problem with urinary function overall

2.1

1.3-3.2

< 0.01


erections not firm enough for intercourse

2.2

1.3-4.0

< 0.01


great/moderate problem with sexual function overall

2.2

1.2-3.8

< 0.01


COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Pinkawa et al. BMC Cancer 2009 9:296   doi:10.1186/1471-2407-9-296

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