Table 2

Functioning, global quality of life, depression, and pain beliefs scores in patients with pain and without pain

Patients with pain (n = 98) Mean (SD)

Patients without pain (n = 44) Mean (SD)

P


Functioning and global quality of life scores*

Physical functioning

78.6 (19.7)

82.7 (14.2)

0.21

Role functioning

62.9 (28.3)

81 (20.5)

< 0.001

Emotional functioning

60.6 (22.9)

74.6 (17.4)

< 0.001

Cognitive functioning

94.7 (14.1)

96.2 (12.3)

0.54

Social functioning

80.9 (23.2)

84.8 (16.4)

0.31

Global quality of life

57.9 (23.6)

72.3 (14.2)

< 0.001

Depression score**

HADS-D

9.2 (3.97)

6.8 (3)

< 0.001

Pain beliefs scores***

Pain permanence

-4.45 (2.5)

NA

Self-blame

-1.33 (4.6)

NA

Pain consistency

-2.71 (3.6)

NA

Mysteriousness

1.92 (3.4)

NA


*. Higher scores indicate a better condition.

** HADS-D: Depression score derived from the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Higher score indicates a greater symptom.

*** Higher scores indicate more maladaptive beliefs. NA: not applicable.

Tavoli et al. BMC Cancer 2008 8:177   doi:10.1186/1471-2407-8-177

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