Differential expression of a new isoform of DLG2 in renal oncocytoma
Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, Medical Faculty, Ruprecht-Karls-University, Heidelberg, Germany
BMC Cancer 2006, 6:106 doi:10.1186/1471-2407-6-106Published: 26 April 2006
Renal oncocytoma, a benign tumour of the kidney, may pose a differential diagnostic problem due to overlapping phenotype with chromophobe renal cell carcinoma or other types of renal cell tumours. Therefore, identification of molecular markers would be of great value for molecular diagnostics of this tumour type.
In the current study we applied various techniques, including Affymetrix microarray hybridization and semiquantitative RT-PCR, to identify genes expressed differentially in renal oncocytomas. Subsequently, we used RACE and Northern blot hybridization to characterize the potential candidates for molecular diagnosis.
We have identified new isoform of DLG2 gene, which contains 3'-end exons of the known DLG2 gene along with the hypothetical gene FLJ37266. The new isoform is specifically upregulated in renal oncocytoma, whereas the known DLG2 gene is downregulated in this type of kidney tumour.
The new isoform of DLG2 is the promising candidate gene for molecular differential diagnostics of renal oncocytoma.