Table 6

Complications and toxicity
Complications and Toxicity‘ n %
wound healing disturbance 19 20
abscess or fistula 16 16
hemorrhage 6 6
ureteral stenosis 3 3
anal stenosis 2 2
ileus 3 3
neuropathy (incl. chronic pain) 8 8
urinary retention (transient) 9 9
urinary retention (persistent) 3 3
delayed gastrointestinal passage 3 3
perineal hernia 1 1
arterial catheter abcess 1 1
severe sphincter insufficiency 1 1
urinary leakage 1 1
compartment syndrome 1 1
pleural effusion 1 1
venous thrombosis 1 1
pulmonary embolism 1 1

N: number of patients, %: percentage, ‘: multiple events in some patients.

Roeder et al.

Roeder et al. BMC Cancer 2012 12:592   doi:10.1186/1471-2407-12-592

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