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Open Access Research article

DEXA measures of body fat percentage and acute phase proteins among breast cancer survivors: a Cross-Sectional Analysis

Anne Dee1, Roberta McKean-Cowdin1*, Marian L Neuhouser2, Cornelia Ulrich2, Richard N Baumgartner5, Anne McTiernan2, Kathy Baumgartner5, Catherine M Alfano3, Rachel Ballard-Barbash4 and Leslie Bernstein16

Author affiliations

1 Department of Preventive Medicine, Room 418D 2001 Soto Street, MC9239, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA

2 Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA

3 Office of Cancer Survivorship, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute/NIH/DHHS, Bethesda, MD, USA

4 Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA

5 Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, School of Public Health and Information Science, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, USA

6 Division of Cancer Etiology, Department of Population Sciences, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, CA 91010, USA

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Citation and License

BMC Cancer 2012, 12:343  doi:10.1186/1471-2407-12-343

Published: 8 August 2012

Abstract

Background

C-reactive protein (CRP) and Serum amyloid A protein (SAA) increases with systemic inflammation and are related to worse survival for breast cancer survivors. This study examines the association between percent body fat and SAA and CRP and the potential interaction with NSAID use and weight change.

Methods

Participants included 134 non-Hispanic white and Hispanic breast cancer survivors from the Health, Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle Study. Body fat percentage, measured with Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometer (DEXA), and circulating levels of CRP and SAA were obtained 30 months after breast cancer diagnosis.

Results

Circulating concentrations of CRP and SAA were associated with increased adiposity as measured by DEXA after adjustment for age at 24-months, race/ethnicity, dietary energy intake, weight change, and NSAID use. Survivors with higher body fat ≥35% had significantly higher concentrations of CRP (2.01 mg/l vs. 0.85 mg/l) and SAA (6.21 mg/l vs. 4.21 mg/l) compared to non-obese (body fat < 35%). Women who had gained more than 5% of their body weight since breast cancer diagnosis had non-statistically significant higher geometric mean levels of CRP and SAA. Mean levels of CRP and SAA were higher among obese women who were non-users of NSAIDs compared to current users; the association with SAA reached statistical significance (Mean SAA = 7.24, 95%CI 6.13-8.56 for non-NSAID; vs. 4.87; 95%CI 3.95-6.0 for NSAID users respectively).

Conclusions

Breast cancer survivors with higher body fat had higher mean concentrations of CRP and SAA than women with lower body fat. Further assessment of NSAID use and weight control in reducing circulating inflammatory markers among survivors may be worthwhile to investigate in randomized intervention trials as higher inflammatory markers are associated with worse survival.