Table 1

Summary of the included studies
Author year Journal Modality TP FP FN TN Sensitivity (95%CI) Specificity (95% CI) QUADAS
Stevens MH 1985 Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg CT 5 1 1 9 83%(54-100%) 90%(71-100%) 9
Maremonti P 1997 J Craniomaxillofac Surg CT 6 0 6 12 50%(22-78%) 100% 7
Righi PD 1997 Head Neck CT 6 0 4 23 60%(30-90%) 100% 7
Byers RM 1998 Head Neck CT 2 2 9 12 18%(0-41%) 86%(67-100%) 5
Myers LL 1998 Laryngoscope CT 4 1 3 9 57%(21-94%) 90%(71-100%) 10
Takes RP 1998 Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys CT 14 3 12 35 54%(35-73%) 92%(84-100%) 11
Akoglu E 2005 J Otolaryngol CT 2 1 1 10 67%(13-100%) 91%(74-100%) 10
Wilson GR 1994 Br J Plast Surg MRI 11 14 0 13 100% 48%(29-67%) 11
Braams JW 1995 J Nucl Med MRI 3 2 2 5 60%(17-100%) 71%(38-100%) 7
Maremonti P 1997 J Craniomaxillofac Surg MRI 4 4 8 8 33%(7-60%) 67%(40-93%) 7
Yucel T 1997 Acta Radiol MRI 4 1 1 12 80%(45%-100%) 92%(78-100%) 10
Akoglu E 2005 J Otolaryngol MRI 2 1 1 10 67%(13-100%) 91%(74-100%) 10
Thomsen JB 2005 Acta Radiol MRI 5 4 9 52 36%(11-61%) 93%(86-100%) 7
Braams JW 1995 J Nucl Med PET 5 2 0 5 100% 71%(38-100%) 7
Myers LL 1998 J Otolaryngol PET 7 0 0 4 100% 100% 10
Myers LL 1998 Laryngoscope PET 7 0 2 15 78%(51-100%) 100% 10
Kau RJ 2002 Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg PET 1 1 4 6 20%(0-55%) 86%(60-100%) 13
Brouwer J 2004 Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol PET 2 1 1 11 67%(13-100%) 92%(76-100%) 9
Akoglu E 2005 J Otolaryngol PET 2 1 1 10 67%(13-100%) 91%(74-100%) 10
Schoder H 2006 J Nucl Med PET 6 4 3 23 67%(36-98%) 85%(72-99%) 10
Wensing BM 2006 Laryngoscope PET 3 4 5 16 38%(4-71%) 80%(63-98%) 11
Iyer NG 2010 Head Neck PET 15 4 14 113 52%(34-70%) 97%(93%-100%) 12
Liao CT 2010 J Nucl Med PET 26 66 33 143 55%(31-57%) 68%(62-75%) 13
Richard C 2010 Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg PET 7 5 1 8 88%(65-100%) 62%(35-88%) 11
van den Brekel MW 1993 Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol US 21 13 15 39 58%(42-74%) 75%(63-87%) 9
Maremonti P 1997 J Craniomaxillofac Surg US 8 1 4 11 67%(40-93%) 92%(76-100%) 7
Righi PD 1997 Head Neck US 6 5 4 18 60%(30-90%) 78%(61-95%) 7
Byers RM 1998 Head Neck US 3 4 8 10 27%(1-54%) 71%(48-95%) 5
Takes RP 1998 Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys US 18 11 8 27 69%(52-87%) 71%(57-86%) 11
Hodder SC 2000 Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg US 9 4 3 17 75%(51-100%) 81%(64-98%) 7
Akoglu E 2005 J Otolaryngol US 3 4 0 7 100% 64%(35-92%) 10
Thomsen JB 2005 Acta Radiol US 13 10 2 55 87%(70-100%) 85%(76-93%) 7

TP: true positive; FP: false positive; FN: false negative; FP: false positive.

QUADAS: Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies.

Sensitivities and specificities with 95% confidence interval (CI) values were reported for individual studies.

Liao et al.

Liao et al. BMC Cancer 2012 12:236   doi:10.1186/1471-2407-12-236

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