Table 4

Mediterranean Diet Score by Panagiotakos et al. and Post-Menopausal BC risk

Intakea, b

Food Indexes

Post-menopausal cases (n = 934)

Post-menopausal controls (n = 815)

Adjusted OR per unit increase (95% CI)c


All cereals

18.7 ± 7.8

19.4 ± 8.8

0.99 (0.98, 1.00)

Potatoes

2.0 ± 1.4

1.9 ± 1.3

0.95 (0.87, 1.03)

Fruits

9.2 ± 6.0

9.6 ± 6.9

1.00 (0.99, 1.02)

Vegetables

5.8 ± 2.8

6.2 ± 3.4

0.95 (0.92, 0.99)*

Legumes

2.1 ± 1.2

2.2 ± 1.4

0.95 (0.88, 1.03)

Fish

1.6 ± 1.1

1.8 ± 1.2

0.88 (0.79, 0.98)*

Red meat and products

2.8 ± 2.1

2.7 ± 2.1

0.98 (0.93, 1.03)

Poultry

1.6 ± 0.9

1.7 ± 0.9

0.91 (0.81, 1.04)

Full fat dairy products

6.5 ± 6.2

7.3 ± 6.8

0.98 (0.96, 1.00)

Use of olive oil (times/week)

6.6 ± 2.9

7.0 ± 3.4

0.95 (0.92, 0.99)*

Alcohol

16.7 ± 43.1

18.1 ± 49.5

1.00 (1.00, 1.00)

Mediterranean Diet Score

35.5 ± 3.1

35.8 ± 2.9

1.00 (0.96, 1.04)

Mediterranean Diet Score

Across quartile levels

- Q1: ≤ 34

1.00

- Q2: 35-36

1.02 (0.76, 1.36)

- Q3: 37-38

1.00 (0.75, 1.34)

- Q4: > 38

0.99 (0.70, 1.40)

p-value for trend = 0.06


Levels (means ± SDs) of the Mediterranean Diet Score food indices in post-menopausal breast cancer cases and post-menopausal controls and adjusted odds ratios (with 95% CI) of BC in terms of the overall score and each its components

a All values are means ± SDs

b Servings/week or as otherwise stated

c Adjusted for the following covariates: age at interview, family history, age at FFTP, HRT use, exercise, age at menarche, height and BMI in post-menopausal women

Demetriou et al. BMC Cancer 2012 12:113   doi:10.1186/1471-2407-12-113

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