Magnetic resonance imaging for lung cancer detection: Experience in a population of more than 10,000 healthy individuals
- Equal contributors
1 VGH-HT Imaging Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
2 Institute of BioMedical Informatics, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
3 Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
4 Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
BMC Cancer 2011, 11:242 doi:10.1186/1471-2407-11-242Published: 13 June 2011
Recent refinements of lung MRI techniques have reduced the examination time and improved diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. We conducted a study to assess the feasibility of MRI for the detection of primary lung cancer in asymptomatic individuals.
A retrospective chart review was performed on images of lung parenchyma, which were extracted from whole-body MRI examinations between October 2000 and December 2007. 11,766 consecutive healthy individuals (mean age, 50.4 years; 56.8% male) were scanned using one of two 1.5-T scanners (Sonata and Sonata Maestro, Siemens Medical Solutions, Erlangen, Germany). The standard protocol included a quick whole-lung survey with T2-weighted 2-dimensional half Fourier acquisition single shot turbo spin echo (HASTE) and 3-dimensional volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE). Total examination time was less than 10 minutes, and scanning time was only 5 minutes. Prompt referrals and follow-ups were arranged in cases of suspicious lung nodules.
A total of 559 individuals (4.8%) had suspicious lung nodules. A total of 49 primary lung cancers were diagnosed in 46 individuals: 41 prevalence cancers and 8 incidence cancers. The overall detection rate of primary lung cancers was 0.4%. For smokers aged 51 to 70 years, the detection rate was 1.4%. TNM stage I disease accounted for 37 (75.5%). The mean size of detected lung cancers was 1.98 cm (median, 1.5 cm; range, 0.5-8.2 cm). The most histological types were adenocarcinoma in 38 (77.6%).
Rapid zero-dose MRI can be used for lung cancer detection in a healthy population.