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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Association of nutritional status and serum albumin levels with development of toxicity in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer treated with paclitaxel-cisplatin chemotherapy: a prospective study

Oscar Arrieta1*, Rosa M Michel Ortega1, Geraldine Villanueva-Rodríguez1, Maria G Serna-Thomé2, Diana Flores-Estrada1, Consuelo Diaz-Romero1, Cindy M Rodríguez2, Luis Martínez3 and Karla Sánchez-Lara4

Author Affiliations

1 Medical Oncology Department Instituto Nacional de Cancerología Av San Fernando No 22, Col Sección XVI, Mexico City, 14080 Mexico

2 Medical Nutrition Department Instituto Nacional de Cancerología Av San Fernando No 22, Col Sección XVI, Mexico City, 14080 Mexico

3 Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias (INER) Calzada de Tlalpan 4502, Col Sección XVI, Mexico City, 14080 Mexico

4 Diana Laura Riojas de Colosio Oncology Center, Medica Sur Clinic and Foundation Puente de Piedra 150 Toriello Guerra, Mexico City, 14050 Mexico

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BMC Cancer 2010, 10:50  doi:10.1186/1471-2407-10-50

Published: 21 February 2010

Abstract

Background

A frequent manifestation of advanced NSCLC is malnutrition, even though there are many studies which relate it with a poor survival, its relation with toxicity has not yet been consistently reported. The aim of this study was to associate malnutrition and albumin serum levels with the occurrence of chemotherapy-induced toxicity in cisplatin plus paclitaxel chemotherapy-treated NSCLC.

Methods

We prospectively evaluated 100 stage IV NSCLC patients treated with paclitaxel (175 mg/m2) and cisplatin (80 mg/m2). Malnutrition was assessed using SGA prior treatment. Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) and the Platelet Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) were used to determine the presence of systemic inflammatory response (SIR) and were related to the development of toxicity. Toxicity was graded according to NCI CTCAE version 3.0 after two chemotherapy cycles.

Results

Median age was 58 ± 10 years, 51% of patients were malnourished, 50% had albumin ≤3.0 mg/mL. NLR ≥ 5 was associated with basal hypoalbuminemia (mean ranks, 55.7 vs. 39 p = 0.006), ECOG = 2 (47.2 vs. 55.4 p = 0.026) and PLR ≥ 150 were significantly related with a basal body mass index ≤20 (56.6 vs. 43.5; p = 0.02) and hypoalbuminemia (58.9 vs. 41.3; p = 0.02). Main toxicities observed after 2 cycles of chemotherapy were alopecia (84%), nausea (49%), neuropathy (46%), anemia (33%), lymphopenia (31%), and leukopenia (30%). Patients malnourished and with hypoalbuminemia developed more chemotherapy-induced toxicity overall when compared with those without malnutrition (31 vs 22; p = 0.02) and normal albumin (mean ranks, 62 vs 43; p = 0.002), respectively. Hypoalbuminemia was associated with anemia (56 vs 47; p = 0.05), fatigue (58 vs 46; p = 0.01), and appetite loss (57.1 vs 46.7; p = 0.004) compared with normal albumin. PLR ≥ 150 was related with the development of toxicity grade III/IV (59.27 vs. 47.03 p = 0.008) and anemia (37.9 vs 53.8 p = 0.004).

Conclusion

SIR parameters were associated with malnutrition, weight loss and hypoalbuminemia. Chemotherapy-induced toxicity in NSCLC patients treated with paclitaxel and cisplatin was associated with malnutrition and hypoalbuminemia. Early nutritional assessment and support might confer beneficial effects.