Table 6

Interventions to prevent stillbirth reviewed (Papers 5 [12] and 6 [13])

Interventions during childbirth (intrapartum) (Paper 5 [12])

Instrumental delivery (vacuum and forceps-assisted)

Emergency obstetric care, including Caesarean section

Induction of labour versus expectant management

Drugs for cervical ripening and induction of labour

Planned Caesarean for breech presentation

Magnesium sulphate for treatment of PIH/eclampsia or preterm labour

Maternal hyperoxygenation for suspected impaired fetal growth


Cross-cutting issues in the prevention of stillbirths (Paper 6 [13])

Community demand creation strategies

Emergency loan and insurance funds for emergency obstetric care

Financial incentives for care seeking

Supply side capacity building (especially human resources development)

Training of traditional birth attendants in clean delivery and referral

Training of other cadres of community health workers

Training nurse aides (including task-shifting) as birth attendants

Training to improve skills of professional midwives in antenatal and intrapartum care

Obstetric drills

Training in neonatal resuscitation for physicians and other health care workers

Health system organizational strategies

Public-private partnerships to provide emergency obstetric care

Maternity waiting homes

Home birth with skilled attendance versus hospital birth for low-risk pregnancy

Perinatal audit

Lawn et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S2   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-9-S1-S2

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