Obesity prevalence in a cohort of women in early pregnancy from a neighbourhood perspective
1 Department of Health Sciences, MidSweden University, Östersund, Sweden
2 Department of Statistics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
3 The Vårdal Institute, The Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
4 Centre for Epidemiology, Swedish National Board on Health and Welfare, Stockholm, Sweden
5 Centre for Health Equity Studies, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009, 9:37 doi:10.1186/1471-2393-9-37Published: 25 August 2009
The evidence of an association between neighbourhood deprivation and overweight is established for different populations. However no previous studies on neighbourhood variations in obesity in pregnant women were found. In this study we aimed to determine whether obesity during early pregnancy varied by neighbourhood economic status.
A register based study on 94,323 primiparous pregnant women in 586 Swedish neighbourhoods during the years 1992-2001. Multilevel technique was used to regress obesity prevalence on socioeconomic individual-level variables and the neighbourhood economic status. Five hundred and eighty-six neighbourhoods in the three major cities of Sweden, Stockholm, Göteborg and Malmö, during 1992-2001, were included. The majority of neighbourhoods had a population of 4 000-10 000 inhabitants.
Seven per cent of the variation in obesity prevalence was at the neighbourhood level and the odds of being obese were almost doubled in poor areas.
Our findings supports a community approach in the prevention of obesity in general and thus also in pregnant women.