Table 2

Women's awareness of danger signs during pregnancy, during delivery and after delivery presented by socio-demographic, obstetric characteristics, experience in the last pregnancy, and antenatal care attendance (N = 1118).

Awareness of danger signs during


Socio-demographic and obstetric characteristic

Pregnancy

Delivery

After delivery

Total




n

%

n

%

n

%


Age:

p < 0.001

p < 0.001

p < 0.001

-19

20

14.5

11

8.0

28

20.3

138

20–29

140

23.1

130

21.5

229

37.9

605

30–39

106

34.4

96

31.2

152

49.4

308

40-

20

29.9

18

26.9

37

55.2

67

Marital status:

p = 0.25

p = 0.85

p = 0.12

Single

31

20.7

32

21.3

51

34.0

150

Married/Cohabiting

233

26.0

205

22.9

360

40.2

895

Divorced/Separated/Widowed

22

30.1

18

24.7

35

47.9

73

Educational level:

p < 0.001

p < 0.001

p < 0.001

Not gone to school

78

17.5

68

15.2

150

33.6

446

Primary school incomplete

35

25.5

33

24.1

51

37.2

137

Primary school complete

158

30.7

145

28.2

231

44.9

515

Secondary school and above

15

75.0

9

45.0

14

70.0

20

Occupation:

p = 0.084

p = 0.44

p = 0.15

Peasant

214

24.9

197

23.0

328

38.2

858

Housewife

19

19.4

17

17.3

41

41.8

98

Petty businesswomen

44

32.1

36

26.3

64

46.7

137

Other

9

36.0

5

20.0

13

52.0

25

Number of deliveries

p = 0.004

p = 0.002

p < 0.001

1

43

19.3

32

14.3

62

27.8

223

2 – 4

134

24.5

132

24.1

208

38.0

548

5 -

109

31.4

91

26.2

176

50.7

347

Place of delivery:

p < 0.001

p < 0.001

p < 0.001

Home/Roadside

74

19.6

57

15.1

125

33.1

378

Health institution

212

28.6

198

26.8

321

43.4

740

Number of antenatal care visitsa,b:

p < 0.001

p < 0.001

p < 0.001

-3

105

20.5

94

18.4

178

34.8

511

4-

171

29.9

150

26.3

254

44.5

571

Month booked antenatal carea:

p = 0.138

p = 0.007

p = 0.087

-3

67

28.5

68

28.9

104

44.3

235

4-

214

24.7

182

21.0

338

39.1

865

Informed of a risk/complication during antenatal carea:

p < 0.001

p < 001

p = 0.003

Yes

71

39.7

66

36.9

89

49.7

179

No

210

22.8

184

20.0

353

38.3

921

Advised to deliver in hospitalc:

p = 0.15

p = 0.36

p = 0.20

Yes

58

23.9

56

23.0

93

38.3

243

No

110

28.0

97

24.7

165

42.0

393


Note: P-value for χ2 – test between those who did not know of any danger signs versus those who knew one or more danger sign.

a 18 women did not attend antenatal care

b 18 women did not know the number of antenatal care visits

c 482 women had no antenatal cards

Pembe et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:12   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-9-12

Open Data