Table 2

Predisposing factors derived from principle factor analysis with varimax rotation for the MSSCQ
Factor 1: Midwife’s attitude with 11 statements Loadings
1. Skin contact improves mother’s physical health. 0.647
2. Skin contact improves neonate’s physical health. 0.572
3. Skin contact makes mother take better care of the child. 0.764
4. Skin contact improves mother’s success in breastfeeding. 0.727
5. Skin contact improves mother’s satisfaction. 0.803
6. Skin contact improves mother’s mental health. 0.835
7. Skin contact establishes verbal/emotional bonding between midwife and mother. 0.592
8. Skin contact creates a sense of security in the newborn. 0.703
9. Skin contact enhances mother’s love for the newborn. 0.806
10. Skin contact reduces mother’s stress. 0.673
11. Being skilled in performing skin contact by midwife improves the results. 0.479
Test- re-test* ICC = 0.842
Cronbach’s α coefficient of Factor 1 0.92
Eigen values 13.857
Explained variance (%) 16.50
Factor 3: Newborn’s health with 7 statements Loadings
12. Skin contact improves newborn’s immunity system. 0.562
13. Skin contact improves the development of the newborn. 0.471
14. Skin contact establishes an emotional bond between parents and the newborn. 0.446
15. Skin contact regulates the newborn’s blood oxygen level. 0.428
16. Skin contact regulates the newborn’s heartbeat. 0.773
17. Skin contact improves the newborn’s breathing. 0.774
18. Skin contact regulates the newborn’s body temperature. 0.695
Test- re-test* ICC = 0.996
Cronbach’s α coefficient of Factor 3 0.81
Eigen values 3.464
Explained Variance (%) 4.94
Factor 5: Mother’s physical health with 4 statements Loadings
19. Skin contact accelerates placental delivery. 0.696
20. Skin contact accelerates the uterus’s return to normal. 0.812
21. Skin contact promotes oxytocin release in mother. 0.730
22. Skin contact reduces post-labor bleeding. 0.795
Test- re-test* ICC = 0.977
Cronbach’s α coefficient of Factor 5 0.84
Eigen values 3.328
Explained variance (%) 3.96
Factor 6: Midwife’s belief about obstacles of performing skin contact with 5 statements Loadings
23. The newborn’s ill situation hinders skin contact. 0.786
24. Skin contact is not feasible for ill mothers. 0.776
25. Problems of mothers undergoing C-section affect skin contact. 0.823
26. Problems of neonates born to C-section affect skin contact. 0.784
27. Mother’s fatigue caused by nonstandard intervention during labor affects skin contact. 0.652
Test- re-test* ICC = 0.989
Cronbach’s α coefficient of Factor 6 0.84
Eigen values 2.800
Explained variance (%) 3.33
Factor 7: Midwife’s belief in self-efficacy with 7 statements Loadings
28. I believe skin contact is essential.
29. I believe skin contact entails positive results. 0.535
30. I believe skin contact is important. 0.711
31. I believe I can perform skin contact with minimum facilities. 0.345
32. I believe my recommendations for skin contact are acceptable for the mother. 0.402
33. I believe I can use my knowledge to perform skin contact. 0.573
34. I believe in positive results of the skin contact and I perform it. 0.581
Test- re-test* ICC = 0.980
Cronbach’s α coefficient of Factor 7 0.76
Eigen values 2.441
Explained variance (%) 2.91
Factor 8: Mental health with 4 statements Loadings
35. Skin contact establishes an emotional bond between mother and newborn. 0.640
36. Skin contact improves the acceptance of motherhood role by the mother. 0.750
37. Skin contact creates a sense of security in mother and newborn. 0.659
38. Skin contact results in future attachment between mother and child. 0.612
Test- re-test* ICC = 1.000
Cronbach’s α coefficient of Factor 8 0.73
Eigen values 2.203
Explained variance (%) 2.62
Total test-re test of predisposing factors structure ICC = 0.995
Total Cronbach’s α coefficient of predisposing factors structure 0.89
Cumulative Variance (%) 44.64

*Test re-test stability with a 2-week interval (n = 60).

Nahidi et al.

Nahidi et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:85   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-14-85

Open Data