Table 3

Impact of DSF on skilled attendance at birth
Study Study data Effect 95% confidence interval, s.e. or p-value
Conditional cash transfers
Hernandez Prado et al. [27] 2003 No effect in early intervention rural areas p > 0.1
20.1% increase in late intervention rural areas p < 0.05
10.9-11.3% relative decrease in urban areas p < 0.05
Urquieta et al. [32] 1998, 2000 No effect p > 0.1
Sosa-Rubai et al. [31] 2007 OR: 2.4 in early intervention areas s.e.: 0.9
OR: 3.3 in late intervention areas s.e.: 1.4
De Brauw and Peterman [33] 2008 12.3-17.8 percentage point increase s.e.: 5.4-9.9
Payments to offset costs of access
Powell-Jackson et al. [61] 2001-2007 2.3 percentage point increase from baseline p < 0.01
Powell-Jackson and Hanson [10] 2008 16.6% increase compared to controls CI: 4.1, 29.1
Lim et al. [9] 2002-2004, 2007-2009 36.2-39.3 increased probability among recipients CI: 33.7, 45.0
Santhya et al. [45] 2009, 2010 Mean difference: 100% higher among recipients p < 0.001
Mean difference: 78.2% rise among recipients with past births and no increase among non-recipients p < 0.001
Powell-Jackson et al. [35] 2002-2004, 2007-2009 8.1 percentage point increase from baseline s.e.: 1.8
Vouchers for maternity services
Rob et al. [75] 2007, 2008 16.1 percentage point increase from baseline p < 0.01
Ahmed and Khan [79] 2008 OR: 3.6 among recipients s.e.: 0.1
Hatt et al. [8] 2009 46.2 percentage points higher in intervention areas p < 0.001
Nguyen et al. [80] 2009 46.4% more likely in intervention areas s.e.: 4.3
Obare et al. [65] 2010 OR: 2.0 in early intervention areas CI: 1.4, 2.8
OR: 0.9 in late intervention areas CI: 0.6, 1.5
Bellows et al. [64] 2006, 2009 OR: 1.2 in intervention areas CI: 1.0, 1.4
OR: 12.9 among recipients CI: 8.9, 19.3

Notes. Effect is presented as odds ratio (OR), mean difference compared to controls or percentage increase from baseline. Confidence intervals (CI) are shown if they have been provided in the study, otherwise standard errors (s.e.) and p-values are shown. No quantitative studies on unconditional cash transfers were included in the systematic review. No quantitative studies on vouchers for merit goods considered impact on skilled attendance at birth.

Murray et al.

Murray et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:30   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-14-30

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