Table 3

Use of ancillary health services during pregnancy
Type of ancillary health service Type of prenatal care provider
Family physician Midwife Obstetrician
N = 536 N = 82 N = 286
N (%) OR (95% CI) N (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p value Adjusted OR (95% CI) p value N (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p value Adjusted OR (95% CI) p value
Chiropractor 139 (25.9) 1.0 (ref) 48 (58.5) 4.03 (2.50-6.52) p < 0.001 4.07 (2.49-6.67) p < 0.001 64 (22.4) 0.82 (0.59-1.16) p = 0.26 0.80 (0.56-1.13) p = 0.21
Emergency Department 150 (28.0) 1.0 (ref) 12 (14.6) 0.44 (0.23-0.84)p = 0.01 0.47 (0.24-0.89) p = 0.02 98 (34.3) 1.34 (0.99-1.83) p = 0.06 1.31 (0.96-1.80) p = 0.09
Family Physician 387 (72.2) 1.0 (ref) 57 (69.5) 0.88 (0.53-1.46) p = 0.61 0.96 (0.57-1.61) p = 0.88 204 (71.3) 0.96 (0.70-1.32) p = 0.79 0.92 (0.66-1.27) p = 0.61
Hospitalized Overnight 28 (5.2) 1.0 (ref) 5 (6.1) 1.18 (0.44-3.14) p = 0.74 1.24 (0.46-3.36) p = 0.67 20 (7.0) 1.36 (0.75-2.47) p = 0.30 1.29 (0.70-2.38) p = 0.41
Nurse Telephone Advice Line 322 (60.1) 1.0 (ref) 25 (30.5) 0.29 (0.18-0.48) p < 0.001 0.30 (0.18-0.50) p < 0.001 179 (62.6) 1.11 (0.83-1.49) p = 0.48 1.15 (0.84-1.55) p = 0.38
Nutritionist/Dietician 38 (7.1) 1.0 (ref) 5 (6.1) 0.85 (0.32-2.23) p = 0.74 1.00 (0.38-2.68) p = 0.99 26 (9.1) 1.31 (0.78-2.21) p = 0.31 1.30 (0.76-2.21) p = 0.34
Physiotherapist 48 (9.0) 1.0 (ref) 9 (11.0) 1.25 (0.59-2.66) p = 0.56 1.32 (0.59-2.95) p = 0.50 21 (7.3) 0.81 (0.47-1.37) p = 0.43 0.80 (0.46-1.40) p = 0.43
Psychologist/Psychiatrist 44 (8.2) 1.0 (ref) 6 (7.3) 0.88 (0.36-2.14) p = 0.78 0.99 (0.40-2.43) p = 0.98 22 (7.7) 0.93 (0.55-1.59) p = 0.80 0.92 (0.53-1.59) p = 0.77
Social Worker 15 (2.8) 1.0 (ref) 1 (1.2) 0.43 (0.06-3.29) p = 0.42 0.55 (0.07-4.34) p = 0.57 14 (4.9) 1.79 (0.85-3.76) p = 0.13 1.58 (0.74-3.39) p = 0.24
Specialist Physician (other than an obstetrician) 97 (18.1) 1.0 (ref) 10 (12.2) 0.63 (0.31-1.26) p = 0.19 0.66 (0.33-1.34) p = 0.25 63 (22.0) 1.28 (0.90-1.82) p = 0.18 1.27 (0.88-1.82) p = 0.20
Walk-In Clinic 178 (33.2) 1.0 (ref) 20 (24.4) 0.65 (0.38-1.11) p = 0.11 0.74 (0.43-1.28) p = 0.28 119 (41.6) 1.43 (1.07-1.93) p = 0.02 1.51 (1.11-2.05) p = 0.01

* Analyses are adjusted for maternal age, education, ethnicity, gravidity and use of prescription medications during pregnancy.

Metcalfe et al.

Metcalfe et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:62   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-13-62

Open Data